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The Influence of the Electoral system Change on Legislator’s Campaigning Strategies–A caused of the 7th Election of Legislator in 6th District in Taipei City .
The Single Member District and Two-Vote System
第三， 原來所施行的複數選區單記非讓渡投票制（Single Non-Transferable Vote under Multi-Member-District；SNTV-MMD），改為單一選區兩票（Single-Member District and Two-Vote System；SMD-TVS）並立制（Separated Two-Vote System）。
Since 2008, the time of beginning of the 7th legislator election, our election system of the Legislator would change into the new milestone. There are three critical changes in election system of the Legislator: First, the members of Legislative Yuan would were cut from 225 seats to 113 seats (73 seats for the electoral districts, 6 seats for theindigenaus peoples, and 34 seats for the party lists). Second, the new rule reorganized the electoral district of District Legislators. It dividesed the special municipalities, counties, and provincial cities in Taiwan into totally 73 electoral districts. Third,the new rule changed the way from the Single Non-Transferable Vote under Multi-Member-District (SNTV-MMD) to the Single-Member District and Two-Vote System (SMD-TVS), and also established the Separated Two-Vote System. The implement of the new election system may affect the process and the results of the election such as the strategies for each party to nominate their candidates and the way of propaganda. Moreover, the implement of the new election system would affect the internal discipline of each party. Reorganization of the electoral district may cause the change of one party’s power comparing to other parties, affect the campaigning strategies of the candidates of Legislator, and moreover, lead to the significant changes in democracy politics. Therefore, this research would focus on the issue whether the candidates of legislator would change their campaigning strategies after the electoral system change in Taiwan.
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