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An Analysis on the 12-year Compulsory Education and the model of fund allocation─A case of Taipei City
Huang Cheng Ph.D
12-year compulsory education
Education expenditure allocation
The topic of this thesis is based on the allocation and execution of the educationexpenditure for 12-year compulsory education, and this thesis attempted to identify the implement of compulsory education, the allocation and current situation of education expenditure, then make comparisons between the expenditure allocations of 9-year and 12-year compulsory education. The pattern for expenditure allocation of 12-year compulsory education was also designed. According to the education resource allocation in the educational statistics by Department of Education, Taipei City Government that education expenditure could be categorized as school expenditure, tuition subsidy, and complementary measures. The purposes of this study were as follows: 1. To discuss the function and value of 12-year compulsory education through the theories and meanings of “compulsory education.” 2. To discuss the expenditure of 9-year compulsory education and the issue on current post-secondary education expenditure from the aspect of education resource. 3. To identifythe issues of student tuition subsidy and complementary expenditure aroused by the 12-year compulsory education implemented by Taipei City Government. 4. To analyze the expenditure allocation of Taipei City Government expenditure and the expenditure re-allocation of constructing the post-secondary education. The research methods adopted in this thesis were document analysis and interview and the results suggested: 1. After 12-year compulsory education is implemented by Taipei City Government, the expenditure would increase by $530 million NT dollars, the tuition subsidy accounts for 94.2% of the total amount, and the expenditure would increase $5.4 billion NT dollars nationwide. 2. The number of new students in 2014 is estimated to be 26,000 approximately and the counterpart in 2017 may be 22,000 that there will be 4000 students less every three years. Taipei City Government may encounter the budget shortage at the preliminary stage yet $60 million NT dollars will be saved every year after 2017. 3. The 9-year compulsory education was problematic due to hasty plans made by the government and all students should be able to receive free education. The post-secondary education subsidy should follow the example of National Health Insurance that settle for the applications by citizens rather than for hospitals or clinic in order to manifest the spirits of people sovereign, choice of education, and the education equity effectively. 4. In the light of policy and social relationship, more junior high school students will choose to enter senior high school and the students in vocational schools and five-year junior colleges will decrease in the future. The educational reformation is ascertained to be senior high school orientated.
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