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Time Significance of People-centered Ideology in Huang Tsung-Hsi's "Min Yi Tai Fang Lu'
School Discuss and Supervise Politics
Huang Tsung-Hsi (1610-1695) was an Chinese important thinker in 17th century. He viewed himself as a loyal official from the previous Ming Dynasty, harshly criticizing the ill policies as well as the authoritarian political system of the Ming Dynasty. He combined 《Mencius》”The people are more important while the emperor is less important” and 《The Book of Rites》”World belongs to All” such doctrines to construct a political ideology of people-centered thinking and a rule-of-emperor political model. Huang Tsung-Hsi’s people-centered ideology including the contents of “Theory about Relation between the Emperor and Officials”、”School Discuss and Supervise Politics”、”The Law of the World” and “Industry and Commerce are also the roots of country”. He considered the emperor’s duty was to strive for the benefit of the people and emperor was just a public servant. The idea of ”people are the masters of the country while the emperor is only a guest” is the core value of Huang’s political thinking. Living in the dramatic era at the turn of Ming and Ching Dynasties, why did Huang relentlessly promote people-centered ideology? What’s the origins and intensions of the ideology? Were there the brand-new ideas and restrictions? How did later scholars evaluate and debate such ideology? This research wish to confer and analyze the above issues. This thesis adopts the philosophical research channel and historical research channel, by literature review analyses and comparative method to analyze the above issues.
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