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Title: 民生主義與中國大陸改革開放之研究(1979-2006)
Authors: 黃城教授
Keywords: 民生主義
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: 19世紀末,中山先生為拯中國斯民於水火,切扶大廈之將傾,創立民生主義;20世紀末,中國大陸為求富國強兵,實施現代化而推動改革開放。民生主義與改革開放,都是中國近代史上燦爛輝煌的一頁。 本篇論文係以14、15世紀之中古歐洲為背景,並以當時之文藝復興運動、啟蒙運動所誕生的自由主義、個人主義與資本主義學說興盛的社會現象,引發歐洲社會在18、19世紀一連串的社會問題為開場白,引申出中山先生民生主義的由來與緣起。殆至1978年12月,中國大陸第十一屆三中全會確立改革開放的步調。在欲「擺脫馬列主義與毛澤東的政經路線」的假設基礎下,根據「具有中國特色的社會主義」此種意識型態的指引,透過「文獻分析法」來論述中國大陸自實施改革開放以來在「經濟制度、財產制度、土地制度、交通建設與均富精神之應用」的發展與現況。其內涵不乏民生主義的基本原則、主張或具體辦法。在經濟制度上,主張社會主義市場經濟;將私有財產制憲法化,確立了公私有並存的財產體制。在國家乃土地所有權者、人民係土地使用者的基礎上,使得土地制度,更能深入市場機制。同時,採用模仿、購買等廉價的方式來實現技術進步,促成交通網絡的四通八達。再者,為了全面進入小康社會,亦力促人本社會價值觀的建立。 凡此種種,均顯示出中國大陸的改革開放已非資本主義或社會主義的獨善其身,而是加諸了民生主義理論的新血與結晶,由「異化」而邁向「理論趨同」。期許兩岸領導人也應摒除成見,發揮大仁大智的襟懷,順應民生主義的時代潮流,以最自然的方式進行制度上的統合,以民生主義作為全體中國人邁向現代化的必由之路,全面而開放的實現民生主義,共築台海和平的橋樑,共創兩岸雙贏的未來。
In the last years of 19th century, in order to save the Chinese from suffering, and deliver the country from toppling, Dr. Sun Yat-sen created the Principle of Livelihood. In the last years of 20th century, in order to make country rich, built military power and enforce modernization, mainland China promoted Reform Policy. The Principle of Livelihood and Reform Policy are both the magnificent periods of Chinese modern history. The background of the thesis is medieval Europe in 14th and 15th century, discussing Liberalism, Individualism and Capitalism which are caused from Renaissance and Enlightenment, and how they gave rise serial social problems in Europe in 18th and 19th century. This would be the origin that why Dr. Sun Yat-sen created the Principle of Livelihood. Mainland China established Reform Policy in 1978. In the supposed basic of getting rid of Marxism, Leninism and the route of political economy of Mao Ze-dong and according the directive ideology of Socialism with Chinese characteristics to discuss the development and status of economic system, property system, agrarian system and traffic’s conductions after enforcing Reform Policy in mainland China. The contents were harmony with the Principle of Livelihood. In economic system, it stood on socialist market reform, and established an property system which coexisting public and privacy property. Besides, it made agrarian system respond to market mechanism; meanwhile, it enforced the progress of techniques and made the network of traffic to be convenience. Furthermore, it established a social value of human right. All of those were show us the Reform Policy of mainland China was not only capitalism or socialism, but added the Principle of Livelihood. Expecting the leaders of cross strait would comply with the current of the Principle of Livelihood, and integrating the systems naturally. Enforcing the Principle of Livelihood overall, and creating a wonderful future for cross- strait.
Other Identifiers: GN0689100045
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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