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A Case Study of the 7th Legislative Yuan Election and Its Impacts on Political Ecology of Pintung County, Taiwan
ecology of political parties
Single Member District System
Single Member District＆Proportional Representation System
Democracy, through hundreds of years, has been widely considered an institutional form of political organizations, which also makes it become a political form of government carried out either directly by the people or by means of elected representatives. Taiwan Legislators were formerly elected by popular vote through single non-transferable vote or SNTV in multi-member constituencies. SNTV, generally like proportional representative system, can minimize vote splitting effects, ensure candidates’ effective service and their pre-election promises to the people in their constituencies. In any election, each voter casts one vote for one candidate in a multi-candidate race for multiple offices.However, under SNTV system, some negative problems have come, inclusive of electoral corruption, vote-buying, threats of election violence, a weakening of party discipline, intra-party competition, and accusations of scandals or embezzlement during a campaign process. After an amendment in the Constitution of the Republic of China in 2005, Taiwan 7th Legislative Yuan Elections were conducted by a new single-member district parallel voting electoral system or SMD. Each of the two systems, with the changes of election regulations, electoral districts, and the structure of voters, may produce different electoral outcomes. This study takes Pingtung County as research target to discuss two aspects. The one is to probe into whether Pingtung’s political ecology indeed matches Duverger’s Law, a principle which asserts that a plurality rule election system tends to favor a two-party system. Thus, the study is to analyze the influence upon current political powers in Pingtung County from the 7th legislative election through previous vote result information since 2000. With the change of this new electoral system, Pingtuntg County was divided into three constituencies. The second part of the study is to discuss its tremendous effect on growth and decline of various political powers as well as reorganization of party domains.
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