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A Study on Legal Knowledge and Legal Attitude Junior High Students Have Possessed and Embraced
Chen-Yuan Hsu Ph.D.
Junior High Students
Abstract The purpose of this research is to delve into the status quo about the legal knowledge and legal attitude junior high students in Taipei City have possessed and embraced as well as further explores into the related influencing factors. Junior high students selected from 20 senior high schools in Taipei City were the research subjects, and this research adopts analytic method of investigation as the research method with 1,143 valid samples collected. The questionnaire titled “Questionnaire Survey on the Legal Knowledge and Legal Attitude Junior of High Students in Taipei City,” created by referring to related information, aims to find out if variables, such as school, grade, gender, interest, time to watch TV news, time to discuss the TV issues about legal affairs between family members, media assistance, school assistance, experience as the cadre and learning environment at home, would show significant influence on students’ legal knowledge and legal attitude, furthering to analyze the possible influencing factors. This research adopts percentage, frequency allocation, one-way ANOVA, Chi-square Goodness of Fit Test and Pearson statistics to conduct the analysis of the collected information to bring out the findings given below: 1. Legal Knowledge (1) Overall, junior high students in Taipei City show slightly poorer legal knowledge. (2) Junior high girls in Taipei City are superior to their counterparts, the junior high boys, in possessing legal knowledge, but it shows significant differences. (3) It shows significant differences in the respect of legal knowledge junior high students in Taipei City possess in terms of grade, interest, media assistance, teachers’ assistance, experience as the cadre and learning environment at home. 2. Legal Attitude (1) Junior high students in Taipei City embrace active and positive legal attitude. (2) It shows no significant differences between second and third graders of junior high schools in Taipei City in legal attitude they embrace. (3) It shows significant differences in legal attitude junior high students in Taipei City embrace in terms of gender, interest, time to watch TV news, time to discuss the TV issues about legal affairs between family members, media assistance, school assistance, experience as the cadre and learning environment at home. 3. It presents lower level of positive correlations between legal knowledge and legal attitude possessed and embraced by junior high students in Taipei City. 4. This research further gives the following suggestions based on the preceding findings: (1) Create a good learning environment at home to facilitate students’ learning effect. (2) Value the socialization of family and media and accompany children to watch TV news to find timely opportunity for an education. (3) Strengthen teaching connotations and work arduously to facilitate the development of students’ willingness and interest in legal learning. (4) Increase the ratio of legal curriculum available for juveniles in their learning. (5) Offer teachers more diversified and convenient channels for advanced learning. (6) Value the cultivation of students’ ability to adapt to life. Key words ：Junior High Students, Legal Knowledge, Legal Attitude， Legal Culture.
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