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A Study on the Changing of “National Identity” in Senior High School Civic Education Curriculums—Focusing from 1995 to 2008
Citizens and Society
Ordinary Senior High School Course Standards
Civic Education Curriculums
The society of Taiwan has always had conflicts of national identity. After lifting the curfew in 1987, the conflict has not eased off with democratization, but worsened to become a serious factor to cause instability. The influence is that even educational field is unavoidably involved in among them. Before lifting the curfew, official China consciousness was incorporated in civic education curriculums, and had led the molding strength of national identity since then. After lifting the curfew, Taiwan consolidates the democratic state of constitutional government progressively with the democratizing movements. Civic education also adjusts its functions with this movements, and the intention of national identity in civic education also moves from China consciousness towards Taiwan consciousness gradually. The materials in the thesis were chosen since 1983, 1995, up to 2005, which includes three sets of course standards and curriculums that were revised in different periods of authoritarian, democracy transition, and democracy consolidation. The three sets are compared and analyzed, and a conclusion which appears civic education orients forwards democracy education trend is found during the research process. The trend also leads a new concept of national identity out: a new subjective Taiwan identity is being built progressively. The subject “citizens and society”, which is combined with three courses, in the temporary standard in 2005 is just the foundation of the identity-building construction. Keeping this development, we expect to integrate a single imagining of new Taiwan identity that fits the present situation, and to give a suggestion to the edition of the curriculums in the new ordinary senior high school course standards which will be implemented in 2010 to build a whole new Taiwan national identity The transformation and internalization of educational strength is the best way to root in hearts of the people. It dissolves the conflict and condenses new country’s common understandings.
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