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The study of Military Dependents’ Villages Reconstruction Policy in Taiwan
Roger S. Chen
Military Dependents’ Villages Rebuilding
Military Dependents’ Villages Reconstruction
Military Dependents’ Service
Military Dependents’ Villages Culture
Military Dependents’ Villages(MDV), unique communities in Taiwan, were formed for the purpose of settling military dependents who retreated along with ROC Armed Forces from mainland China to Taiwan in 1949. They have undergone the measures of taking over Japanese Government Quarters, temporary habitation, official quarters, and housing assistance. Along with changes in the social environment and because of urban development and military dependents’ living requirements, MDV all over Taiwan started rebuilding and reconstruction processes according to government’s military dependents care policy. Those old and poorly constructed wooden houses were gradually renovated and formed new military dependents’ communities. Especially the legislature passed Statute Governing Reconstruction of Old Military Dependents’ Villages in 1996, which created a new stage of making overall improvement to environments of MDV, upgrading the benefits of MDV’ land and unavailable base camps utilization, and promoting economic development. MDV reconstruction is a multi-effect public policy, which is dominated by the Ministry of National Defense cooperating with all relevant authorities of Executive Yuan and local governments. However, all processes of MDV reconstruction were originally planned to be accomplished in 2005. After reporting to Executive Yuan for approval, MDV reconstruction was accomplished in 2013 and land disposal will be accomplished in 2017. Considering actual execution, finalization and MDV land activation, the processes of land activation, land disposal and MDV culture will be accomplished in 2036. Because of postponement of the MDV reconstruction processes, the execution efficiency of MDV Reconstruction policy is in doubt externally. The author of this study has actually participated in MDV reconstruction affairs and has experienced MDV rebuilding and reconstruction. On the basis of practical experience and survey feedback from interviewees, the difficulties in executing the policy and organizational effectiveness have been concluded, analyzed and collected. Furthermore, the MDV Culture preservation, Military Dependents’ Service transformation, and MDV resources activation and reutilization have been researched and included in this study. The Ministry of National Defense should learn a lesson from postponement of the MDV reconstruction, transform its position to perform strategy guidance, implement human and material resources integration, cooperate with local governments, and encourage civic participation. Those will fully utilize the MDV resources, give consideration to military personnel and dependents services, military family support, and troop safety, benefit voluntary military service system, achieve all-out defense concepts, and finally ensure national security and the people’s welfare.
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