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A Study on Organizational Change and Administration effiency〜Reconstructed of old Military Service´s Residence in Taipei(1994〜2008)
Chao-Hsiang Chu Ph.D.
Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding
Abstract: In order to carry through the good policy of taking care of military dependents, match up national economic policies and social developments, speed up the renovation of controlled old Military Dependents’ Villages, improve quality of Original Residents’ residential environments, enhance economic effectiveness of land for Military Dependents’ Village, and assist local governments in acquiring lands for public facilities and improving urban landscape, Ministry of National Defense (MND) enacted related regulations for implementation, such as “The Operational Points for the Trial Period of Old Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding” on May 30,1980. However, the foregoing executive order was not completely thoughtful, so that some old Military Dependents’ Villages were unable to process rebuilding, and the progress of executing Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding was influenced. In order to execute administration in accordance with the laws, speed up the work of processing old Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding/Moving, and enhance administrative efficiency, Ministry of National Defense drew up “Statute Governing Reconstruction of Old Military Dependents' Villages” that passed the third reading by Legislative Yuan on Feb. 5, 1996 and was reported to the then president for proclamation and enforcement. The work of Military Dependents Service started since 1943. In early days when the government moved to Taiwan, in addition to taking over dependents’ houses left by Japanese government, Ministry of National Defense (MND) and units of every military service raised funds respectively to construct dependents’ houses for allocating to officers and soldiers who have dependents without any house, for the purpose of settling down military dependents coming from Mainland China. However, these dependents’ houses became old, and gradually turned out to be undesirable spots in cities as cities developed rapidly; hence, dependents were all eager for the progress of rebuilding. In order to enhance the administrative efficiency of old Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding, Ministry of National Defense (MND) implemented adjustment on Military Dependents Service Organization, based on the principle of “professional services”. However, during the process of adjustment, the progress of implementing Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding was influenced, due to many factors such as that the members of Military Dependents Service Organization were not very familiar with work environments and had uncertainty about future work, and that coordination and contact work among administrative institutions had not been completed. Therefore, how to enhance the administrative efficiency of Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding seems to be the most important issue currently. This study was conducted through quantitative research methods, aiming at research variables induced from literature review; besides, effective samples were collected by means of questionnaire, interview, statistics and analysis on professional officers of Military Dependents Service Organization, to make integrated explanations about the influences and the administrative efficiency of organizational changes in Military Dependents Service Organization. Through analysis on research results, it was know: (1) the organizational changes in Military Dependents Service Organization had significantly positive correlations with the administrative efficiency; (2) As for organizational change and administrative efficiency, significant difference exists in different attitudes of individual variables; (3) the professional ability possessed by officers of Military Dependents Service Organization had significantly positive correlations with the administrative efficiency. This study has also provided much concrete advice respectively for administrative units such as Military Dependents Service Division of General Political Warfare Bureau in Ministry of National Defense (MND) as well as Military Dependents Service Divisions of Commandant Department in every military service. By providing his 12-years work experience of being a professional officer in Military Dependents Service Division (from August 1994 to November 2008), the author hopes that the entire administrative efficiency of Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding will be enhanced, in order to protect the Military Dependents’ rights. This study has made one-by-one researches on issues such as related literature about old Military Dependents’ Villages, studies made by scholars and experts, the organization and positions for implementing new Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding, comparisons between old and new acts for Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding, the procedure in every stage of new Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding, the existing various problems and concrete suggestions, etc., and has based on the old Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding in Taipei City as example. Finally, the suggestion has been proposed that the subsequent process for land of old Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding should be conducted by means of diversification and conglomeration (ex. Tendering and disposal according to the laws, securities of the land for Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding, setting 50-years surface rights, urban planning review& urban renewal, BOT, held in trust, culture preservation of Military Dependents’ Village). The various provided suggestions are hoped to be reference for related units such as Military Dependents Service Division of Ministry of National Defense (MND) to execute the work of Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding, in order to facilitate in advancing the work of old Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding/Moving, for the purpose of carrying through the government’s good policy of taking care of military dependents. 【Key words】: Military Dependents’ Village Rebuilding, Original Residents, Organizational change, Administrative Efficiency, Culture Preservation
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