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The Study on Taiwan Mental Health Legal System
Holistic Health Care
Mental Health Act
mental health policy
In the year 2001, psychiatric disease was stated by World Health Organization（WHO）as globally common, diagnosable, preventable and curable, still families and communities were burdened with mental impairments. At present, the most urgent need for every country is to develop national mental health policies, work on solutions to mental problems and promote mental health of citizens and eliminate their mental barriers. Those considered, this study aimed to explore the changes of (1) Taiwan mental health legal system, (2) mental health policies and the effects of the policy implementation. This study too analyzed mental health legal systems of other countries and from that tried to conclude what we can learn from them. Analyzed respectively from ‘trends and problems of the development of psychiatric health care’, ‘changes and implications of Taiwan mental health legal system’, ‘comparison of mental health legal systems in Taiwan, Britain and Japan’, ‘present relevant problems to Taiwan mental health care’ and ‘the establishment of Taiwan mental health legal system’, this study found: (1) Citizens’ self mental health care model weren’t yet established. (2) The psychiatric health care resources were distributed with bias and referral service system did not work fully. (3) We were lacking in comparative studies to other advanced countries. (4) We still faced serious problems of stigmatization. (5) Patients and their families were relatively ignorant of information concerning health care. For a long time, our government emphasized clinic symptoms treatment to such a degree that patients’ needs for care and work were neglected. To provide lives with dignity for patients and to ease their families’ burden, it is necessary for our government to establish a sound mental health care system. On the basis of the findings of this study, the following suggestions are proposed to the authorities. (1) Improve the mental health care system. (2) Eliminate stigmatization with continuity and plan. (3) Enhance the protection mechanism for economic safety. (4) Amend regulations which are relevant to Mental Health Act. (5) Boost the quality of care institutes effectively.
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