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Research on Japanese Management System of Political Fund
Management System of Political Fund
Political Fund Control Law
為了避免政治家與企業或利益團體勾結，抑制金錢造成的政治腐敗，確保選舉與政治活動之淨化，日本以美國的「腐敗行為防止法」(Federal Corrupt Practices Act)為範本，於1948年公布了「政治資金規正法」，作為政治資金管理規範之依據。然而由於結構性的貪污，既使制定了政治資金規正法，日本在政治獻金方面的弊端仍層出不窮。
The so-called democracy is to form the congress by the elected representatives through the electoral system based on the principles of sovereignty of the people, and the representatives to promote the politics of the nation thru the operation of the congress. For the people who want to show their political willingness thru the elected representative, the elected officials must be trustworthy and be able to precisely express the public opinion. In other words, since the operation of the congress is based on the public opinion, all political activities should be open, fair and monitored by the people so as to be a genuine democratic system. However, the disputes on political contribution caused by the non-transparent financial flow, unsound political fund management system in-between the ambiguous relationship between politicians and political contribution have always been criticized by the people. To avoid collusion between politicians and enterprises or any interest parties, to prohibit the political corruption caused by money, and to ensure clean elections and political activities, Japan published “Political Fund Control Law" in 1948 based on the U.S. “Federal Corrupt Practices Act” to provide for the laws and regulations for the political contribution management. However, there are still many corrupt practices in Japan’s political contribution due to structural issues even with the enactment of Political Fund Control Law. Why can’t Japan eradicate the endless political contribution issues even with the enactment, implementation and many-time amendments of Political Fund Control Law? This thesis would raise some questions and propose recommendations for the existing system of Japanese political fund management thru the study on the current status and issues of Japan’s political fund management system by probing the enactment and development process of its Political Fund Control Law.
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