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A Comparative Study of the All-out-Defense Education Between Taiwan and Israel
In the era of globalization, the scope of national security has broadened from its traditional definition of military defense to a comprehensive trend that includes security in politics, economics, social development, environmental protection, and other areas. Therefore, on February 2, 2005, Taiwan issued the All-out-Defense Education Act, with the hope that the entire population will have a substantive understanding of national defense and security and recognize that national security affects every individual, and every individual is responsible for the work of national defense. Incorporating All-out-Defense Education is not only the current world trend but also part of formal education. It is introduced in Taiwan in the same spirit as in other major countries that are promoting similar initiatives. Taiwan’s national security situation is similar to Israel. Relying on the formation and cultivation of a universal awareness about national defense, Israel has sustained steady growth despite being surrounded by powerful enemies. Through the investigation and analysis of the All-out-Defense Education of the two countries, this study provides reflection and reference material on the subject in Taiwan. The study analyzes and compares the background, codification, substantive policy, and actual implementation of the two countries’ All-out-Defense Education and arrives at an understanding of their similarities and differences. The specific conclusions of the study are as follows. First, both countries take a step-by-step approach in the All-out-Defense Education; however, their motivations for the education development differ, and motivation is the key to the background of the education development. Second, legal procedures are in place for All-out-Defense Education in both countries; however, the related complementary policies differ. Thus, a comprehensive legal system is actually the basis for the promotion of All-out-Defense Education. Third, the fundamental spirit is the same; however, the substance of the education differs. Therefore, the goals of the All-out-Defense Education orient the substantive policies. Fourth, the practices in implementation are quite distinct, and each country’s practices have their own unique features; however, implementation requires continual government support. In terms of a country’s long-term development, the implementation of All-out-Defense Education will have a profound influence on national security and education. It must not be overlooked. The study has three suggestions: first, bolster patriotic education; second, establish a national mobilization system; third, improve pay and benefits for military personnel.
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