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Village and Neighborhood chiefs
Village and Neighborhood chiefs position
Village and Neighborhood system
paid by salaries or not
Abstract Village and Neighborhood organization is the most basic regimentation of home rule in Taiwan. Being the first line basic government center, the Village and Neighborhood chiefs have a large influence in the local self-government administration. Although the Village and Neighborhood organization has been functioned for many years, as the position of the chiefs of Village and Neighborhood has changed recently, the development of community autonomy and civic awareness, and the highly overlap of relative basic organizations, the position and function of Village and Neighborhood have been impacted. The Village and Neighborhood organization really need to be re-examined. The issues about Village and Neighborhood functioning have been studied by many scholars for years. However most studies focus on the Village and Neighborhood system organizational or functions of Village and Neighborhood chiefs, and rarely discuss about the positioning of Village and Neighborhood chiefs. The range of Village and Neighborhood chiefs positioning problems are very wide. Except the role of the chiefs of Village and Neighborhood, it also relatives to the changes of local related organization, laws modification, government financial budget and election rules. These factors influence interactively. After the redefinition of Village and Neighborhood chiefs, the implementation of relative set is the very key point in local home rule completeness. This study discuss mainly on the Village and Neighborhood chiefs position. Besides the system, positioning, cooperation and competition of Villages and Neighborhoods, the relationship among villages, neighborhoods, countryside, towns and cities, and the interaction and integration issues between Village and Neighborhood organization and community development associations, this study also analyzes the advantages and disadvantages whether if the chiefs of Village and Neighborhood are paid by salaries or not. This research tries to give some suggestions for the positioning problems of Village and Neighborhood chiefs. Keywords：local self-government, Village and Neighborhood chiefs, Village and Neighborhood chiefs position, Village and Neighborhood system, Role, community development, paid by salaries or not.
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