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Legislative research of two system of ticket of committee member's single precinct
Huang Jen-Chieh .Ph. D.
Two system of ticket of single precinct
Write and can't amortize the vote law only
Divide the principle in the precinct
Outstanding favourable salamander
Make and unite and set up making in the existing side by side of two system of ticket of single precinct
This research aims at probing into the referendum on June 7 , 2005 of national assembly of our country and repairing clauses again through revising the constitution, it is 113 people that the legislative committee member among them is reduced by half from 225 people from the seventh , and adopt the relevant problem that two system of ticket of single precinct elect. This research is respect to arranging the introduction is elected legislative committee member of chapter two the legislative foreign member of congress of environmental chapter four of policy of two system of ticket of committee member's single precinct of chapter three of the change course of the mechanism implements The experience of two single system of ticket inspects Taiwan of chapter five and implements the legislative question of two system of ticket of committee member's single precinct and conclusion of chapter six of the countermeasure. In the past 50 years, conduct that the legislative committee member's electoral system adopts ' write and can't amortize the vote law only ' (or generally called the ' large precinct ' and make), not only cause the local faction to stand in great numbers but also make the party discipline inside the legislative organ not raise apparently , influence the agenda quality and efficiency of legislative organ. Meanwhile, this kind of vote system exerts an extremely bad influence on political culture, including money politics overflows, it is serious to elect the problem of buying tickets through bribery, and the legislative committee member, in order to strive for the ticket source of the specific block, topic on it put forward and to go to extremes,. The principle and order of seats and establish how to stipulate in the legislative committee member's precinct ? First, how about plan the principle of the precinct, and accord with fair justice? Second, how to adopt two system of ticket of single precinct? Exist side by side and make? Unite and set up making? Accord with the present political humane culture in Taiwan? Third, carry out the threshold of proportion of political party to set up , develop in and the public will that really suit every political party? So-called theorist one, bubbling with noise, each side concern this one he set . It may cause and at present set up the conflicts of the interests among the committee , local faction and political party that the precinct divides the course, because district and villages and towns city population too many too little, must carry on transregional or step precinct of administrative area , villages and towns of city whole and with while rowing again, should consider person who link to each other , compatibility of life range of geography , avoid so-called deviation practice of ' the outstanding favourable salamander ' (gerrymandering ), there are ' the outstanding favourable salamander ' that assign again of interests of the so-called party groupingses to divide the feeling thing improperly in U.S.A.. So dividing in the precinct must conform with fair representativeness . Ensure the principle in the area. The administrative division is intact. Set up the fair and just precinct and row the mechanism again. Two system of ticket of single precinct is that ' one ticket is chosen , vote for the party ', system of Taiwan according to is it can inclined to Japan and vertical , that is to say regional separated form ticket of political party to calculate ticket relatively to used to; It is elected in the area that Germany unites vertically but determined the total proportion of order of seats of every political party by the ticket of political party after the deduction of order of seats, and then the allocation proportion represents the order of seats. Seeing that Germany unites and sets up making, the seat elected one party in the small precinct , the planned number that have already exceeded this party and is always elected, this party, in the part of proportion of political party, will be unable to assign any planned number . This kind of situation will cause this party to have the electioneering, propose the candidate list, the voter casts the vote of political party, the political party wins quite a lot of of the votes too, but can not divide the feeling thing of any seat, cause the ballot which throws the political party to lose the meaning, click looking from these, the vote convention that violate our country and elect, and compatriots' cognitive way, it is very difficult to explain clearly. Watch from the angle, in order to adopt Japan is it is it calculate between area and legislative committee member's order of seats of dividing into etc. respectively to make to exist side by side, like comparatively simple and easy and feasible, but research this is it adopt Germany is it is it make than conform with light party survival and development that politics need at present to set up to unite to propose. This research plans to work out the achievement with the practical research attitude, can offer the relevant unit to consult .
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