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The Study on the Policy Formulation of National Pension in Taiwan.
Chi, Chun-chen Ph.D.
security benefits for the elderly
national pension policy
the designing policy
Since September 1993, when its population aged 65 or over reached 7 percent of the total population, Taiwan has been classed as an aging society, as defined by the World Health Organization under the United Nations. How to address the problems brought about by the graying of the population and how to come up with social welfare formulation requirements of the elderly present serious challenges to the government. Although Taiwan has already set up a primitive multi-layered social security system to provide some financial security to senior citizens, the unreasonable distribution of social resources under this system has prompted calls for its overhaul. A national pension plan is therefore considered by various political parties as a way to ease the increasing pressure created by the aging population and changing social structure, and the political gimmick to woo voters, support. In an attempt to combine the existing various allowances to the elderly and to lighten the financial burden of ever-increasing social welfare expenditure, the government has begun crafting its own policy formulation of national pension. This study reviews the government's policy formulated to satisfy the needs of the elderly from 1993 to 2006 as the country's population is aging, discusses the content of the aged economic security and recounts the process of the government's national pension plan as it took shape, the principles on which it was based, and the political situations under which it was formulated. As with the existing allowances for senior citizens, the policy formulation of national pension is facing the problems of political meddling, a shortage of government social workers, the dearth of insurance workers and mutual fund managers, and the government's limited financial resources. In order to prevent these factors from marring the proposed national pension formulation, and to incorporate the existing allowances systems into the formulation without stretching the country's financial ability, the proposed national pension formulation would be better modeled on the principles of insurance to cover all citizens and provide them with financial guarantees in their old age. 【key words】: security benefits for the elderly, national pension, national pension policy, policy formulation, the designing policy.
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