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An Analysis of Taiwan's Judicial Judgement on Political Corruption(2011-2014)
In 2014, the First Instance judgement of the Lin Yi-Shih (a KMT party member and the secretary-general of the Executive Yuan ) corruption case caused a public outrage over its lenient sentence. The speculation of using membership card as shield to the criminal investigation has reintroduced the notion that the judicial system is “owned” by the KMT in the past. This research is intended to explore that “when political figures committed crimes, would the party they joined affect to their sentencing” and “would their position in the government affect their sentencing.” This research is based on the judgement of the district courts from 2011 to 2014, using natural language processing (NLP) to capture keywords. Examine these keywords with Pearson's chi-squared test and multiple logistic regression analysis. The results indicated that the political party and government position has no significant effects in these judgements, which shows that the KMT can no longer influence the district courts’ judgement. The reason that local fraction is still loyal to KMT may be the result of voluntarily exchange of interest. A further analyze to the data indicated that four indicted crucial party member received lenient sentences, which resulted the notion that the judicial system is “owned” by the KMT, and the criterion for sentencing is varied by the judges induced unfair judgement which also enhanced such notion.
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