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Taiwan Petition Right Development - A Study through Cases in Taiwan Provincial Assembly Files
Taiwan Provincial Assembly
In a period of five year, seven month, and ten days begins in May 1, 1946, the Taiwan Provincial Assembly and its successor Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly regularly held 11 semiannual meetings to review Taiwan Provincial Government work, to discuss the Province senator proposals, and to investigate on petition requests from public in Taiwan Province. According to the archive record published by the Secretary of Taiwan Provincial Assembly, a total of 277 petition cases was discuss, concluded and turned to the province administrative office to carry out the orders from Assembly. Taiwan Provincial Assembly tried hard in indemnifying people life and to protect human right of liberty. Under the framework of parliamentary democracy, the Assembly set up a committee with five to seven committee members to continuously take pubic petition request when regular Taiwan Provincial Assembly session were off. In this study, digitized archive of the Assembly history record is used to draw a picture of the development on Taiwanese People Petition Right. There are total of 1,743 petition cases, with 1,272 accepted, 194 dismissed, 277 were ruled favor to plaintiff. For example, in the eighth semiannual meeting of Taiwan Provincial Assembly, record shows that 44.51% of cases were accepted and ruled favor to plaintiff, 21.95% were taken into further investigation, 19.51% can carried out legally, and obstruct difficult transact cases were about 14.03%. In another words, about two third of all petition requests were successfully resolved or processed under supervision of Assembly. It has been a long way for Taiwan to learn the value of petition right. Recent history shows that Taiwan people experienced the transition of political power after World War II, the 228 society’s incident, ROC government relocation from Mainland China to Taiwan, temporary provisions effective during the period of Communist rebellion and strict authority govern. Aiming at stabilizing society, Taiwan Provincial Assembly senses the importance of giving people a way to petition. The development of the petition, democracy, and constitution in Taiwan is such a valuable history testimony, especially when society was under pain and strictly control.
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