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Malaysia Chinese Independent High School Chinese Textbooks Materials Selection of Mahua Literature
Goh Leng Hoon
Hoh Poh Lun
Chinese Independent High School
Dong Zong Curriculum Department
Under Education Act 1961, Independent Chinese Schools did not received any aids from the government and there was no proper way to run the Independent Chinese Schools, soon it found itself running into problems. A proposal for Independent Chinese Schools was released in 1973. There was a need to develop a curriculum that will be suitable for these schools. Dong Zong Curriculum Department was set up in 1976, it developed a curriculum as well as producing textbooks for various subjects. There was a need to design local text materials for students who lived in Malaysia. For Chinese subject, textbooks that were used in Independent Chinese Schools included literature that was sourced from China, Taiwan, Europe and of course Mahua literature. Research find out how did the compiled process worked, contents of textbooks over the years. Dong Zong Curriculum Department refer to Chinese syllabus that officially released by the Ministry of Education Malaysia, and syllabus from China and Taiwan to help develop Chinese syllabus itself. Content analyzed by “Wu-yu”, showed that Mahua literature in three sets of Chinese textbooks mainly focused on intellectual teaching purposes. The content of Mahua literature of first sets in the 1980s did not touched on the Chinese education issue. The content of second sets in the 1990s contained a lot of local text materials. 21th century, the newly compiled materials showed that the Mahua literature are being greatly reduced.
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