Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Immigration Motivation to South America and Transnational Identity of Meinong Hakka between 1970s to 1990s : A Case Study of Brazil and Argentina
LIN YEN YU
South America Chinese
"There is the sea where there are Chinese .There are Chinese where there are Hakka people." The history of Chinese immigrants to Southeast Asia or to the American continent does always appear Hakka figure. As the ROC government moved to Taiwan in1949, more and more Chinese people emigrated from mainland China to Taiwan and also caused the large number of population rapidly in Taiwan. In 1950 the fast population growth in Taiwan resulted in the problems of unemployment and food shortage in Taiwan at that time. In order to solve the problems, the residents in Taiwan urged the government to consider the issue of emigrant policy. Besides, the authorities in Central and South America needed more agricultural and industrial professionals to develop their countries. The message to the ROC has to welcome Taiwaners to move to South America, especially to Brazil and Argentina. In this study the Hakka people in Meinong as the research objects to explore the influence of emigrant motive of Meinong Hakka who moved to Brazil and Argentina. Moreover, to explore the influences of their return motive to go back to Taiwan, or re-immigration to other countries. With their immigrant stories and their existences together with local ethnic groups, and discuss their views on transnational identification. In this study, the researcher did the research with empirical research; document ana1ysis and semi-structured interviews as research methods. What this thesis adopted is the approach that empirical research combines with document ana1ysis and semi-structured interviews as research methods. The searcher interviewed twelve “representatives” “Meinong” ” immigrants” to record their immigrant stories as the main research material for studying the effects of immigrants motivation and identification on ethnicity and country. With the result of study, we can find that the economic factor is the most important influential one which urged Meinong Hakka to emigrate to South America. Another important factor is the social security safety of the country. Besides, the social networks also affect the motivation of migrant. The South American country's economic motives and social instability affect their decision about re-immigration or back to Taiwan. In terms of transnational identification, “Hakka" means important character to Meinong immigrants, and result in influence of their transnational identification attitude to country and culture.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.