Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Chinese business men economic activities along the northeast coast of Vietnam during Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1884)
Tsung-Rong Edwin Yang
Vu Thi Duyen
The research issue of Chinese people living in Vietnam has been researched by scholars for many years. However，all of the research papers have virtually focused on the Chinese population dwelling in the central and southern regions of the country，yet ignoring those dwelling in the northern region for the following probable reasons: first，the number of Chinese people in the northern region is far less than those living in the central and the southern regions，subsequently leading to a lack of interest among researchers; second，the shortage of research materials and historical monuments cause significant obstacles in the investigation among researchers; third，the Chinese people in the northern region have basically integrated with the regions’ traditional and local culture，subsequently making it difficult for researchers in accurately distinguishing the population from other ethnic groups. In Vietnam，the northeast region provides valuable information for researchers involved in the branches of geo-economics and geo-strategies. The North Bay is among one of the largest bays in Southeast Asia. Given the opportunities of acquiring abundant economic resources，the North Bay area was soon to be opened and developed in a way the ancient trading port of Van Don during the reign of King Ly Anh Tong in 1149. Situated close to the South China Sea，the Chinese people had migrated and traded with other merchants in the northeast coast since a very early period. It can be said that the Chinese people have actively contributed to the formation and development of the harbor system in the northern region. Nineteenth century was the century that witnessed important historical events in Vietnam and China. After the North-South separation and subsequent resolution of the civil war，unified Vietnam faced many challenges，especially in terms of economics. Although the northeastern coastal port system during this period was not as developed as was during previous centuries，this marked a critical period in Vietnam’s maritime economy. From the late eighteenth century onward after the weakening of the East India Company，the economic status of Chinese people started to drastically recover. During this time，the relationship between China and other Southeast Asian countries not only improved in terms of trade，but also eventually led to the region becoming China’s luxury goods market. After the end of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries，China faced the challenge of accommodating an increasing population，subsequently leading Chinese nationals from provinces such as Guangdong，Zhejiang，and Fujian looking for new opportunities to start a new life elsewhere. Many of these migrants were small business owners，fishermen，farmers，and opponents the then-ruling Qing Dynasty. As the number of migrants continued to grow in Vietnam，a relatively stable community began to form. This research shows that the mainstream contribution towards the economic situation in the northeast region of Vietnam was largely due to overseas Chinese migrants. Recognizing the problem of Chinese citizenship in this region in the first half of the nineteenth century is extremely complicated; hence，I coin the phrase “neighborhood traders” in explaining the relationship between overseas Chinese and the Nguyen Dynasty. Chinese people economic activity in this region can be divided into two kinds of legitimate and illegitimate economic activities. The first part of dissertation focuses on legitimate economic activities of Chinese people under the administration of the Nguyen government in regards to mining，silk，food，flavoring，consumer goods，and luxury goods. The second part focuses on two kinds of illegal economic activities among Chinese pirates and smugglers. An important thing to note is that although the economic activities among Chinese people were either legal or illegal，these activities led to economic security in this region，as well as to the formation and development of port networks.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.