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The Study Of The Assimilation Policy in Thailand and Thai Chinese Religious Culture
The Assimilation Policy in Thailand
Chinese religious culture
Moral Uplifting Society
Nine Emperor Gods
The Goddess of the Waterfront
Religious culture is a very important element in Chinese society, especially to overseas Chinese society. In Thailand, there are many descriptions of Chinese temples in the Thai Chinese society that was discovered before the implementation of the assimilation policy. The surrounding of Chinese temples will gradually form lively Chinese communities, which shows that Chinese life and their temple has a close link. In early stage Thailand took the policy of natural assimilation, but with the rise of nationalism in Thailand, the prototype of the assimilation policy gradually form its base after Rama VIs inauguration; in 1932 Thailand became the monarchy constitutional system, Rama VI's theory of exclusion of Chinese culture, began a series of full assimilation policy focus on Chinese immigrants. The process of assimilation policy is mainly on immigration, nationality, culture, education, and economic aspects, coupled with dramatic decreasing of Chinese immigrants after the implementation of the assimilation policy, in time, the native Chinese immigrant descendants assimilate into the Thai society, how to distinguish between the Chinese descendants and native Thai would be the Chinese tradition inherited from the older generation. At the time, the close relationship between Chinese religious culture and Chinese community played an important role in transformed the original pure spiritual sustenance role into local Chinese ethnic identity, cultural identity and inheritance. The aim of this thesis studies the beliefs of the more common or dialect group in the Chinese society in Thailand. The results show that there are still other unique local beliefs in addition to the Buddhist beliefs after the Chinese assimilation of the Thai society. Which in the Chinese faith of the religious celebration no only retain the early traditional Chinese culture, but integrated some of the local Thai culture; in addition, some of the Chinese religious groups developed a new religious cause internationally, so that the original birthplace in the decline or disappearance of the religion could re-flourish; such as, moral education, the Chinese Buddhism faith. At present, Chinese religion in Thailand is more responsible for the inheritance of Chinese culture, and to promote the role of Chinese culture in Thai society, also enhance Chinese element into such a religious country, Thailand.
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