Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/85103
Title: 「惡」趣與發「畫」:社群媒體上的男同志主體插畫
Kuso Fun and Status Posting: Gay Subject Webcomic on Social Media
Authors: 蔡如音
黃柏鈞
Huang, Po-Chun
Keywords: 社群媒體
粉絲專頁
網路插畫
圖文發表
惡搞諷刺
男同志
Social media
Fan page
Webcomic
Status posting
Kuso with satire
Gay
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Facebook的插畫熱潮於近年興起,成就許多網路名人如Ducan及H.H先生等,同時也有許多男同志插畫家孕育而生。各個男同志插畫家的風格皆有所不同,存在著可愛到情色的多元呈現,描繪的人物或故事也各式各樣,不僅提供男同志粉絲娛樂消遣,也讓同志文化多一種文化展現方式,就如同任何文化都不會有性別或性向的限制。 然而男同志網路插畫雖在其社群中深獲喜愛,卻也常遭受檢舉,被視為是情色裸露的傳播。然而情色並不能只以有色眼光看待,更遑論色情文本也有被討論的價志,因此本研究關注情色在男同志插畫中的意義。同時過去已有同志運用大眾文化現身於社會,並運用王路特性發聲讓同志議題更被注意的先例,男同志網路插畫具備這些可能用意,因此本研究分析男同志網路插畫所再現社群樣貌及探討其作為連結社會的呈現方式。 本研究以四個以男同志為主體、以圖文創作為主要插畫且較有人氣的男同志插畫家粉絲頁為研究對象,分別為「天菜與小餿水」、「語不驚人毛不休」、「假文青 蓋時尚」及「桃色壞男孩」,並透過參與觀察及文化研究分析之。研究發現這些男同志主體插畫存在「惡」趣與發「畫」兩大項。「惡」趣所指的是這些插畫不僅具有趣味,也同時有諷刺的意味,「惡」的意思接近於英文的Satire及Kuso兩字的融合。發「畫」所指的是以插畫來發聲,用插畫來為同志平反來自社會誤解及恐同人士的攻擊。 「惡」趣主要圍繞在男同志社群的問題與議題的再現,分為「展演社交與外型要求」、「情愛關係與性互動」及「友誼建立與家庭關係」。插畫家再現出男同志對於外型要求,為強調陽剛的限制,不僅影響男同志在社群媒體或手機交友軟體的展演,也影響了其社交互動,同時情愛關係及性互動也隨之被影響。然而男同志仍夢想穩定關係,在愛情取得不易的情況下,轉向友誼建立,插畫家也再現出友誼間的趣味。即便有愛情友情的發展,家庭關係仍是男同志最難面對的議題,這無奈也經插畫家描繪而出。 發「畫」則是男同志插畫參與連結社會的方式,分為「認識同志多元」、「反擊恐同人士及言論」、「社會行動響應呼籲」及「政治時事諷刺」。由社會中仍對同志有刻板印象,因此插畫家們也透過圖文創作提供更多元的認識。但社會中對同志的誤解從未少過,甚至出現許多對言論攻擊的人士,插畫家不願同志受迫,因此也以插畫一一反擊。而面對重大的社會行動如同志遊行或投票等,插畫家也會以創作響應,甚至對於政府的失職,會加以諷刺。 男同志插畫中的情色/色情元素確實存在,但它可以是再現男同志性生活並使之自然畫,藉以諷刺社會對同志性限制的「惡」趣,也可是讓有政治意味的插畫更具吸引力並增加張力的發「畫」。同時插畫中性的討論,也並非強調性交過程,而是論述其他議題如性完後的轉變。而「性」也變成插畫家的一種操作方式,不僅Facebook的使用限制使他們須另找平台設立外站,同時外站也以密碼限制讓插畫難以取得,唯有同時涉入粉絲頁才能獲知密碼,因此透過這樣的操作,讓插畫家可以更有名成功。 在男同志插畫家再現的過程中,也出現了一些爭議與問題,像是描繪外貌分類時所造成的傷害及無意中仍視陰柔為不良。但這些批評並未減低插畫家在同志社群的地位,他們描繪出同志們所共鳴的生活故事,同時企圖引發自我省思,並在重要時刻為同志發生,都讓插畫家成為現今新世代的指標性人物。此外,插畫家的影響力也漸從同志社群,擴展到異性戀社會,而這也表示同志議題及文化將更加被重視。
There are several new celebrity appealing on Facebook due to the upsurge of webcomics such as Duncan and Mr. H.H, and there are some gay illustrators as well. These gay illustrators only provide amusement for their community, but also make gay culture has another way to show, just like there is no restriction in culture. The research analyzes the community the gay illustrators represent and the way they connect the society, and focus the meaning of erotic elements in gay webcomics at the same time. Analyzing four gay webcomic fan pages which have popularity and diversity in their works and mostly use graphics with words, the research finds that there are two aspects: “kuso fun” and “status posting”. “Kuso fun” means these webcomics are not only funny but ironic, and “status posting” is posting graphics as speaking for the gay community. “Kuso fun” talks about issues like “performance and interaction with appearance demanding”, “romance and sex” and “friendship and family”, and “status posting’ talks about “gay diversity”, “anti-homophobia”, “activities calling” and “politic irony”. Moreover, Erotic elements exist in both “kuso fun” and “status posting”, and also used in issues developed from sex. However, erotic elements used by the illustrators become a tool for reputation at the same time. Besides, there are some controversy and problems during the process of representation, such as hurts from appearance separation and unconsciously taking feminine as bad. But the criticisms don’t lower down the reputation of these illustrators in gay community. Illustrators represent stories gay can resonate and try to arouse self-reflection in the community, and they speak for the community in crucial moment, so illustrators become an icon for young gay in this generation. Moreover, the influence of illustrator gradually extends from the gay community to the heterosexual society, so the public will pay more attention to gay culture and issues in the future.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22G060237016F%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/85103
Other Identifiers: G060237016F
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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