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|Other Titles:||Reviews and Discussions of Researches on Folk Secret Religious Sects in Qing Dynasty from 2000 to 2015|
National Taiwan Normal University Department of History
In China, during the time of Qing Dynasty, folk secret religious sects prevailed all over the local society. The folk secret religious sects existed in the early stage of Qing Dynasty were mainly the successors of their ancestors in the late stage of Ming Dynasty. After that, folk secret religious sects spread all over China along with more frequent activities and incidents. A huge number of new sects appeared, and governmental prohibitions of these religious sects had only made insignificant impacts to them. Except those folk secret religious sects that could be traced back to Ming Dynasty, there were many religious sects newly founded during the early stage of Qing Dynasty and the time of Qianlong Emperor (1736-1795). As a result, by the time between Jiaqing Emperor (1796-1820) and Daoguang Emperor (1821-1850), practices and activities of folk secret religious sects were so active that there were even a few massive folk secret religious sect rebellion incidents. Besides, other small sects preached and became prosperous among the grassroots society. Folk secret religious sects were still active by the time of the late stage of Qing Dynasty. It is able to say that the development of folk secret religious sects had passed through the whole grassroots society of the entire Qing Dynasty. Thus, folk secret religious sects become one of the essential parts of the study of Qing Dynasty’s local society. At this topic, there were plenty fruitful researches in the last two decades, including general introductions of folk secret religious sects, elaborations of different sects, studies of doctrines and believes of them, studies of classical literatures, sect rebellion incidents and governmental prohibitions, and the others. This article reviews the Chinese literatures on Qing Dynasty’s folk secret religious sects in the last 15 years. The discussions are distributed into six chapters, namely: Researches and Books Review, General Introduction of Folk Secret Religious Sects, El
|Appears in Collections:||史耘|
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