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Title: 應用趨勢分析探討氣候變遷下太麻里溪流域的水文變化
Other Titles: Application of Trend Analysis to Explore Hydrological Change under Climate Change in the Taimali Stream Basin
Authors: 宋健豪
Jian-Hao Sung, Shyue-Cherng Liaw
Issue Date: May-2018
Publisher: 地理學系
Department of Geography, NTNU
Abstract: 受到氣候變遷與極端氣象事件所影響,近年來臺灣地區的降雨量變化趨勢有顯著的改變。河川流域內之水文條件與氣候息息相關,為了探討氣候變遷對於水文條件之影響,本研究應用M-K趨勢檢定及Theil-Sen斜率檢定,探討太麻里溪流域內1981年至2012年之降雨量、1983年8月至2009年7月之逕流量及1984年至2008年之輸砂量的變化趨勢。研究結果顯示,年降雨量、秋季降雨量、豐水期降雨量以及八月降雨量皆呈現顯著增加之趨勢,其τ值分別為:0.29、0.25、0.27以及0.23;年逕流量及秋季逕流量亦呈現顯著增加,其τ值分別為:0.27與0.24;此外,年輸砂量、秋季輸砂量以及豐水期輸砂量也呈現顯著增加,其τ值分別為:0.28、0.25與0.25。透過趨勢檢定可以發現,氣候變遷對於太麻里溪流域之水文變化具有相當影響力,造成年降雨量、年逕流量與年輸砂量皆呈現顯著增加趨勢,尤其是集中於秋季及豐水期期間,增加趨勢更是明顯。
Due to the climate change and the extreme weather events, the precipitation in Taiwan has changed very dramatically. The hydrological conditions in a basin are highly related to the weather. In order to identify the effect of the climate change, we assess annual, seasonal and monthly trends of precipitation from 1981 to 2012, stream runoff from Augustin 1983 to July in 2009, and sediment load from 1984 to 2008 in the Taimali stream basin using the Mann-Kendall trend test and the Theil-Sen slope test. The results show that the precipitations of annual, wet period, autumn season, and in August have significant increasing trends. The τ values are 0.29, 0.27, 0.25, and 0.23, respectively. The stream runoffs of annual and autumn season also have significant increasing trends. The τ values are 0.27 and 0.24, respectively. In addition, the sediment loads of annual, wet period, and autumn season also have significant increasing trends. The τ values are 0.27, 0.25, and 0.25, respectively. Through the trend analysis, we can identify that the hydrological conditions in the Taimali stream basin are strongly affected by the climate change. It causes the annual precipitation, stream runoff, and sediment load significantly increasing, especially for the autumn season and wet period with obvious increasing trend.
Other Identifiers: A490F092-A762-22E2-CACD-BB808D98783B
Appears in Collections:地理研究

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