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|Other Titles:||On Science Fair Projects Carried Out in Elementary and Junior High Schools in Taiwan|
National Taiwan Normal University Science Education Center
|Abstract:||現行各級「科學展覽會」的目標與宗旨在於推廣科學教育，但此活動卻也深具競賽性質。本文依序探討：「科展宗旨」、「決定科展指導流程的三大關鍵問題」與『此類活動在實際運作時「競賽性質」干擾「推廣科學教育宗旨」的現象』。基層教師在進行科展指導與競賽活動時，常感困擾於三大問題：「由誰來挑選研究主題？」、「教師採取何種科展指導模式？」、「由哪些學生參加校內與校際科展競賽？」。本文由文獻探討整理出一般教師在面對這三關鍵問題時，所採取的各類處理模式並分析其優缺點。期望透由基層科學教師視野，提醒各界正視上述「競賽性質」干擾「教育宗旨」的現象。並針對各層級的中小學科展活動提出以下建議：1.科展的歷程應視為：「科展活動為學生針對日常生活中發現到有趣的問題、現象，想盡辦法利用所學與創造力，系統化、科學化的尋求解答並有效呈現」之教育過程。2. 老師指導科展應以「過程」與「教育性」為主目標， 以「結果」與「得獎」為次目標。3.賦予學生更大之研究主題選擇權。4. 不預先選定學生，針對有興趣參與者採「廣泛指導，後續深入探討」指導模式。5.推廣科學教育的主舞台在校內科展。6.校際科展競賽評審時，初審應首重科學性。複審才強調創意、新穎、實用等性質。|
The objective and mission of “Science fair” at different levels of schooling is to promote science education, but these fairs are usually carried out in the form of competitions. This paper will discuss in order “missions of science fairs,” “three key issues to determine how to guide science fair,” and “how the nature of competitions interferes with the “mission to promote science education.” Elementary/Junior high school basic level instructors are often troubled by three issues when guiding students on science fair: “who gets to pick the themes of the science fair?”, “what mode of instruction should be adopted?” and “which students get to participate in internal and external competitions?” With the support of related literature, this paper illustrates different ways that different teachers handle the situation when they face these three key issues, and different ways to analyze the pros and cons. Looking from the viewpoint of basic level science instructors, this paper aims to keep everyone aware as to the impact the nature of competitions can have on the ultimate goal to promote science. Suggestions on science project activities in different levels of schools are as follows: (1) Conducting science fair should be a process that helps students discover interesting issues and phenomena present in the course of daily life, so that they then make an effort to systematically and scientifically seek and present answers from what they have learned and from their creativity. (2) When guiding students on science fair, instructors should bear in mind that it is the processes and educational values that are of essence, and the results as well as the awards are secondary. (3) Give students the option to choose what they want to research. (4) No students are pre-designated. Guidance is given to all those who are interested, and this is followed up by in-depth discussions. (5) The main stage to promote science education should be within schools. (6) When serving on judging pane
|Appears in Collections:||科學教育月刊|
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