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|Other Titles:||The Association of Young Children's Interpersonal Perception in the Philosophy of Human Nature and Social Status|
National Taiwan Normal University Department of Human Development and Family Studies
This study was to understand the association between young children's interpersonal perception in the philosophy of human nature and their social status, as well as the differences of gender and age between interpersonal perception in the philosophy of human nature of young children and their social status, respectively. The 407 participants who were 4 or 5 years old came from public and private preschools in Taipei City as well as New Taipei City. By using ＂Interpersonal Perception in the Philosophy of Human Nature Tasks＂ and ＂Picture Sociometric Technique＂ during one-to-one interview, the results showed as follows: First, the participants' interpersonal perception in the Philosophy of Human Nature currently were trustful in the task of trustworthiness, fair in the task of altruism, independent in the task of independence, and external control in the task of strength of will and rationality. Second, young children's interpersonal perception of altruism is associated with their social status. If young children were more popular in social status, they perceived more fairness. In contrary, those rejected by peers perceived more selfishness. Third, young children's age was strongly related to their interpersonal perception of altruism. Five-year-olds showed more fair than four-year-olds, however, four-year-olds represented more selfish than five-year-olds. Fourth, there was significant association between gender and social status. Girls were more popular than boys, and boys were more being rejected than girls.
|Appears in Collections:||人類發展與家庭學報|
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