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|Other Titles:||A Study on the Relevant Factors and Status ofthe Dietary Behavior among the Senior Studentsof Elementary School in Taipei|
Yu-Wen Tong, Cheng-Yu Chen
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education National Taiwan Normal University
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the correlates ofdemography, body image, and dietary behavior among the the senior students ofelementary school in Taipei. The study population consisted of 5th and 6th gradersin Taipei that enrolled in 2014. The sample was generated by using stratifiedcluster random sampling method. The respondents were asked to complete astructured questionnaire. A total number of 1,076 valid questionnaires werecollected. The results were as follows: 1. There were 21.8% of the respondents asbeing overweight and obesity. Especially, with the support of “parents and familymembers” as the main, which “eat more fruits and vegetables” and “drink lesssugary drinks” were often reminded. The average score of the dietary behaviorwas slightly higher than the median which indicated the dietary behavior was morethan moderate. Among all of the subjects, “eating breakfast every day,” “the snackis not for normal meal,” “three meals a day without missing one” were the betterperformance. On the other hand, “sugary drinks,” “snacking” and “cake, bread,donuts, croissant, etc.” were underperformance which should be improved. 2. Theresults indicated that girls had better dietary behavior than boys. And the students with higher social economic backgrounds had better dietary behavior than thestudents with lower social economic backgrounds. The objects performed betterwith more support from parents and peers on the dietary behaviors. Moreover, thehigher satisfaction of body image, and the dietary behavior were better. 3. Theresult indicated that personal backgrounds and body image can predict the dietarybehavior. It explained 7.1% of the total variance. The main predictors were “gender,”“social economic backgrounds,” “peer’s support” and the “body parts satisfaction”of the body image, and the last predictor was the most influential. The resultssuggested that the female, the one with higher social economic backgrounds andmore peers’ support, and the one with higher satisfaction of his/her body parts, andthe dietary behavior were better.
|Appears in Collections:||健康促進與衛生教育學報|
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