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Nimby and Risk Society: A Landfill Siting Case at An-kong, Shin Dian
In the process of industrialization and urbanization, collective consumption public facilities as well as private productive facilities are often in the face with people's demonstration caused by suffering from the externalities made by the facilities. This is called ‘Nimby, not-in-my-back-yard’. Normally, Nimby is dealt with a problem-solving point of view and seen as a selfish act. The sufferers are to be compensated to ease their dissatisfaction. However, this viewpoint actually takes Nimby as a necessity and reinforces Nimby. Nimby, under modernization perspective, is characterized as a territorized issue, an elitism and problem-solving model. Nevertheless Nimby would be quite different in another modernization. Risk society, firstly, points out that risk is everwhere, not belonging to some spaces and classes only. Secondly, elitism under modern capitalism should be criticized for it combines science and capitalism to social development, monopolizes decision-making and excludes people from participation. Nimbly is therefore resulted from modernization. Taking the landfill at Hsintien for instance, the paper puts Nimby into the risk society framework. In addition, the paper points out that the siting of the Hsintien landfill was not because of the least resistance path. Reflexive modernization happens in the case. Beck's theory is supported by the case study that sub-politics mobilization would undermine the myth of non-politics.
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