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Changing of the Spatial Cognition from Historical Place Names in Taipei Basin since Late Ching Dynasty
This study summarized various place names and street names in Taipei basin from the late Ching dynasty until now to analyze the changing of spatial cognition. The different viewpoints of the spatial cognition by namers can be found in different periods. During the agriculture era in late Ching dynasty, people who reclaimed in Taipei had referenced the canal of irrigation system to construct their spatial cognition. However, for the three-city area of Taipei (Monga, Dadaocheng, inner city) in the late Ching dynasty, several different spatial cognitions have been developed. One was influenced by the street/river parallel patterns directed from the Tamsui river coast inland. One was the totally opposite spatial cognition which based on the location of the government offices directed from inner city to the Tamsui river. Other types of the spatial cognition for the area are related to the Feng-shui and the traditional imperial viewpoint which is facing south. In Japanese colonial period, the concept of scientific governance and the modern urban planning technology were introduced, and the old place names and street names with the old spatial cognition were gradually erased. After the World War II, government assigned the street names in Taipei city with China place names and did not consider the future city development to assign the East road and West road along the streets. This created an imbalance of the East/West road patterns in the spatial cognition of modern Taiwan city until today.
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