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Public Awareness and Attitude for Forestry Management in the Luotung Forest District�
It is the international trend that residents participate in the natural resource management. Taiwan Forestry Bureau implemented a new project “Community Forestry” in 2002. The purpose of this new project was to encourage public participation in forestry management in order to ensure ecological conservation and community development. The main aim of this paper was to understand public awareness and attitude for forestry management. Through face-to-face interview and questionnaire survey, we studied the difference of forestry management opinions between community residents applied and non-applied for Community Forestry Project. In addition, we also analyzed the difference of awareness and attitude for forestry management between the Han and aboriginal people. Results showed that almost hardcore members of community association pointed out that forestry management should pay attentions on the community benefits to increasae economic income and to provide employment opportunity. They also suggested letting residents manage national forests directly. The local residents appreciated forest's environmental benefits. They responded that protecting forest was very important, and considered that public participation in foretry management was very suitable. In the conclusion, there wasn't difference of awareness and attitude for forestry management between community residents applied and non-applied for Community Forestry Project. However, there were obvious differences of partial attitudes for forestry management between the Han and aboriginal people. These difference included willingness of public participation, recognition of traditional knowledge, identification of forest community boundary, and possession of natural resources. Finally, these environment attitudes could be classified to four factors through the factor analysis, including moral emotion, public participation, altruistic concept, and responsible willingness.
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