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Landscape of Taiwan from Local Gazetteers Issued in Early Qing Dynasty�
Landscape is constructed by cultural discourse. Therefore, it can reflect the idealized vision of a society in a specific time. Taiwan was forced to join the Qing Dynasty in 1683, and remains to be part of the Qing Empire for over 200 years. In this research, we try to use the Eight Scenes of Taiwan of many local gazetteers to decipher the meaning behind these Eight Scenes. The study found that the selecting process of the Eight Scenes in the gazetteers had its own logical pattern. First, the locations of these Eight Scenes were mostly distributed at the edge of each administration, which can be used as a tool for territorial declaration. Secondly, a lot of literary works were created and related with these scenes, which can take the advantage to incorporate this strange and newly acquired island-Taiwan into the Han cultural system, and further strengthened the social identity of Taiwan. Together, we can easily identify the attitude of Taiwanese society over the island in early Qing Dynasty. From an exotic wonderland in the empire in the first place, then gradually recognized that Taiwan was truly part of the empire, and finally the Taiwanese society had accumulated enough confidence to demonstrate itself to the world.
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