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Title: 國語即時通對話的回應標記 
Response Tokens in MSN Conversations
Authors: 國立臺灣師範大學英語學系
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2009
Publisher: The Department of English, National Taiwan Normal University
Abstract: 本文研究國語回應標記「是哦」及「哦」在即時通上的言談功能。 兩者均用來回應訊息告知,並且反映談話者認知狀態的改變。另一方 面,談話者所要表達的語意,與上下語境息息相關。兩個回應標記的 主要功能如下:第一、兩者都引出敘述句。不同的是,「是哦」所回應 的是新訊息,而「哦」則可回應新舊兩種訊息。第二、兩者都可被使 用成為所在話輪的唯一成份,暗示談話者有意結束進行中的話題。第 三、兩者都可直接在其後引出新話題。第四、兩者都可引出問句,以 詢問與目前話題相關的訊息。此外,「是哦」可出現在隱含負面語意的 語句之前,以緩和談話語氣。雖上述功能的語境類似,總體而言,「是 哦」語氣較「哦」緩和而禮貌。另外,除了第二、三類的用法表示談 話者有意結束進行中的話題之外,第一、四類的語境也時常暗示談話 者對話題的負面態度。兩者各類功能的分佈情形顯示,「哦」是即時通 上常出現的暗示疏離態度的回應標詞;而「是哦」則是一個較緩和的 回應標記,用來表達「小驚訝」,並經常用來暗示談話者疏離的態度。
This paper explores the functions of the Mandarin Chinese response tokens (RT) shi-o and o in MSN on-line talk. Both are produced in response to an informing and betoken a change of cognitive state. Furthermore, the sequential environment of these two RTs is highly correlated with one’s intended meanings. First, both shi-o and o occur with a statement in response to an informing. However, shi-o invariably responds to new information, whereas o responds to both new and given information. Second, both occur as a free-standing item and suggest disaffiliation or topic curtailment. Third, both act as a marker of transition to a new topic. Fourth, both RTs introduce a question to probe for more information. Additionally, shi-o may be used before a dispreferred response to mitigate the dispreferred second. Whereas the free-standing and transition-marking RTs signal topic disalignment, the conversational moves of statement and question attached to these two RTs are also frequently associated with a negative prosody. In general, o figures in MSN as a strongly dissociative response particle, whereas shi-o, with a mitigating final particle, is a moderately dispreferred RT in MSN for indexing of “small surprise”.
ISSN: 1810-7478
Other Identifiers: ntnulib_tp_B0204_01_004
Appears in Collections:教師著作

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