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The Design and Application of Digital Teaching Portfolios for Teachers' Knowledge Management(I)
Knowledge management has been widely applied to business or government institutes recently. However, schools, which exploit knowledge as frequently as the institutes above, have much fewer staff who are concerned with how to manage knowledge. The teaching portfolio is one of the tools approved to be effective for helping teachers to manage their knowledge and to develop their professional skills. In fact, constructing teaching portfolios is similar to knowledge management not only in their goals but also in their processes of implementation. For example, both teaching portfolios and knowledge emphasize the processes of selection, organization, communication, and refection； and both stress the goal of transforming data into information, and transforming information into knowledge and insight.Based on the facts that teaching portfolios are important to teachers knowledge management and that constructing teaching portfolios via digital devices is an essential but difficult job for teaches, this study aims to implement a digital teaching portfolio system with the functions of incorporating the instruction-oriented software developed by the researchers’ to help teachers manage their knowledge about instructional design, instructional materials, and instructional activities, and thereby increasing their instructional insight and innovation. Based on the products implemented last year, this new project aims to last for two years. In the first year, we plan to evaluate the reliability and validity of digital teaching portfolios for storing and representing teachers’ professional knowledge and skills. The goal of the second year is to integrate other strategies for knowledge management, like communication and sharing strategies developed in project 1 and knowledge capturing and accessing strategies developed in project 4, to complete a KM environment with multiple strategies. Further, The effects of this environment will be empirically evaluated using the knowledge management assessment tools developed by the project 1.
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