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Study on Oral Hygiene of Preschool Children Primary Caregivers-A Survey in a Public Preschool in Taoyuan County
|Abstract:||研究目的在探討學齡前幼童主要照顧者對口腔衛生保健的知識、態度及行為之關係，針對學齡前幼童主要照顧者的口腔衛生保健知識、態度和行為提供建議，進而降低學齡前幼童的齲齒情形。 研究方法以九十七學年度就讀桃園市某所公立國小附設幼稚園四到六歲學齡前幼童主要照顧者為研究母群體，進行問卷調查：共得171份有效問卷。 研究結果顯示出在口腔衛生保健知識方面，高社經地位較優於中社經地位；口腔衛生保健態度方面，高社經地位較優於低社經地位；社經地位與口腔衛生保健知識顯示出正相關；口腔衛生保健態度與口腔保健行為顯示出正相關。 整體而言，口腔衛生保健態度等變項可解釋口腔衛生保健行為的總變異量為24%。建議可擴大研究對象、增加學校衛生教育，以及利用醫療院所管道等方式，讓學齡前幼童主要照顧者更加重視口腔衛生保健行為。|
The aim of this study was to investigate the oral hygiene knowledge, attitude and behaviors of the caregivers of preschool children. The primary caregivers of a 4 to 6 years old child are his/her parents. The results of this study can provide suggestions to those caregivers to reduce preschool children dental caries. The survey took samples from the primary caregivers of 4 to 6 years old children in public preschools in Taoyuan County in 2009. A total 171 effective samples were collected. The main results of this study were as follows: 1. There are positive correlations between social-economic status and oral hygiene knowledge and attitude. High family social-economic status group had higher oral hygiene knowledge then the mediums group. High family social-economic status group had higher oral hygiene attitude then the lower group. Oral hygiene attitude and oral hygiene behaviors are positive correlated. 2. The oral hygiene knowledge is negative correlated with primary caregivers' age. 3. Based on the results, oral hygiene attitude is the best predictor for hygiene behavior and can explain 24% of total variance. Since the dental caries conditions of preschool children are highly correlated with family social-economic status, more public resources should be provided to make up the gaps between families. It is suggested to provide public dental clinic in preschool and oral hygiene education for those primary caregivers.
|Appears in Collections:||教師著作|
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