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The Characteristics of the Accidental Drownings at Taipei County, 1996 to 1998 Years Occurred
It has many wonderful scenes along the rivers and the oceans, clean and clear water, and comfortable weather for the spring and the summer at Taipei County, so it is very appropriate for people to engage in all kinds of aquatic activities. However, there is the lacking of knowledge for people about the waters safety,and there are not enough abilities in self-saving and swimming, so often occur the accidental drownings while people engaging in the aquatic activities. The purpose of this study is to explo re the characteristics of the accidental drownings at TaipeiCounty from 1996 to 1998 years in order to understand the true causes of the accidental drowning, to arouse people's attention toward the waters safety, and to offer to the fire department and the related life saving associations or societies. Itis found that most drownings occur July, June, and August, and drownings occurmore frequently at holiday than at nonholiday. More drownings at the illegal locations occur than at the legal locations, more drownings occur with the warningthan without the warning, less drownings occur where there are life-saver stations than where there are no life-saver stations, and less drownings occur where thedeaths ever happened in the past than where did not happen. Creeks are the most frequent places where the drownings occurred, and the next is near the ocean. Menhave higher drowning rates than female, the 15-19 year-old adolescents are themain groUp that drownings occurred, there occur less drownings who were eversaved than those who were not ever saved, and more travellers occur in drowning than residents. Playing near water, swimming, and go fishing are the major three activities in the waters that result in drowning, and most of the drowning causes for the 15-19 year-old adolescents are playing near water and swimming.
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