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|Title:||Design and analysis of a 44-GHz MMIC low-loss built-in linearizer for high-linearity medium power amplifiers|
|Publisher:||IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society|
|Abstract:||A 44-GHz monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) low-loss built-in linearizer using a shunt cold-mode high-electron mobility transistor (HEMT), based on the predistortion techniques, is presented in this paper. The proposed cold-mode HEMT linearizer can enhance the linearity of the power amplifier (PA) with a low insertion loss (IL<2 dB), a compact die-size, and no additional dc power consumption. These advantages make the linearizer more suitable for millimeter-wave (MMW) applications. The physical mechanism of the gain expansion characteristics of the proposed linearizer is analyzed. A systematic design procedure for a low-loss linearizer is developed, which includes: 1) insertion loss minimization through a device-size selection and 2) linearity optimization through a two-tone test. To demonstrate the general usefulness of the proposed linearizer, the linearizer was applied to a two-stage 44-GHz MMIC medium PA and a commercial MMW PA module. After linearization, the output spectrum regrowth is suppressed by 7-9 dB. To keep the adjacent channel power ratio below -40 dBc, the output power has been doubled from 15 to 18 dBm at 44 GHz. The error vector magnitude of the 16-quadrature amplitude modulation signal can be reduced from 6.11% to 3.87% after linearization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first multistage MMW PA with a low-loss built-in linearizer|
|Appears in Collections:||教師著作|
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