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The Preparation and History Value of Taiwan Lien-Hang Memorial Hall,Hang-Zhou
General History of Taiwan
連橫（1878 - 1936），字武公，號雅堂。光緒四年五月出生於臺灣府寧南坊馬兵營。馬兵營是鄭成功（1624 - 62）駐軍的營地，連家自福建龍溪（今龍海）渡臺後就住在這裡，傳到連橫是第七代。連橫少受庭訓，長而好學，禀性聰穎，過眼成誦。其父連永昌因鍾愛之，曾購一部《臺灣府誌》送給他，並言道：「汝為臺灣人，不可不知臺灣歷史。」當時兵荒馬亂，而連橫積極收集文獻，其著作《臺灣通史》為歷史做見證，成為臺灣最珍貴的文化資產之一，連橫可說是臺灣文化保存先驅，臺灣的司馬遷（135 / 145 bc. - 86 bc.）。
It is said in Chinese tradition that "Heaven is a paradise and on earth the paradise is Suzhou and Hangzhou." One can liken the West Lake in Hangzhou to paradise. Landscape and culture are two moderate but irreplaceable components in traditional Chinese philosophy upon which the Chinese culture, history and religion are built. The West Lake is a sublime landscape, representing an outstanding achievement in human efforts to elevate its beautiful landscape. It is the combination of humanities and the beauty of nature and architecture. The West Lake is a good example that people can take advantage of nature rather than imitate it. Due to the efforts of numerous officials and cultural figures who struggle to tame, maintain, and beautify the lake, and shape the lake as we see today. Like an artwork created by nature, West Lake presents different scenes each season. Historical figures such as national heroes and martyrs of revolution, and poets all have been laid to rest on its shore. Agate Temple, a quiet Buddhist sanctuary nestled at the foot of the Gem Hill by the West Lake of Hangzhou, is closely associated with Lien Chan's grandfather Lien Heng, who is known for his authorship of the General History of Taiwan. Lien Heng stayed in Agate Temple from 1926 to1927. His son Lian Cheng-tung came to visit his parents at the temple, which forged the ties between the Liens and Hangzhou. In 2006, when Lien Chan first visited Hangzhou and learned about his family ties with Agate Temple, he decided to transform Agate Temple to a memorial museum. Under the efforts of Hangzhou Municipal Party Committee Secretary Wang Guo-ping, Chinese officials and Lien Chan, together they reconstructed the Agate Temple as the “Lien Heng Memorial Hall” in 2006, and set the multi-functional museum as a cross-strait cultural exchange platform. The Lien family moved from Fujian, China, to Taiwan in the Qing Dynasty. In May 16, 1878, the seventh-generation grandson Lien Heng （1878 - 1936） also known as Lien Ya-tang was born in Tainan. Lien Heng was an intelligent and hard working young man. His father Lien Yong-chang bought him the Taiwan Prefecture andsaid:“As a Taiwanese, you must know the history of Taiwan.” So he began the preparations for writing the General History of Taiwan in 1908. After years of thoroughly researching and studying what he had collected, the book took shape in the same stylistic rules and layout as first used by Sima Qian （B.C. 135 or 145 to B.C. 86.） The book has become one of the most precious culture heritages of Taiwan. Lien Heng lived in Agate Temple twice and enjoyed the beauty of the West Lake. When Agate Temple was chosen as a bridge for cross-strait cultural exchange, the temple was refurbished to the memories of Lien Heng. The refurbishment project was under the supervision of the famous architect Han Pao-teh （1934-）. The purpose of the memorial museum is to show the history of Taiwan and exhibit Lien Heng's concerns, and to promote the Taiwanese culture to mainland Chinese. The Lien Heng Memorial Hall not only features as a stage to display and promote Taiwanese culture, it also wants to strengthen cross-strait cultural exchange, and to expand cross-strait cultural groups exchange, being part of the globalization. This is the ultimate goal of the Kuomintang Honorary Chairman Lien Chan to found the museum in Hangzhou.
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