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Writing the body：Carolee Schneemann’s “Eye Body”
Abstract Carolee Schneemann was the pioneer of the American Performance Art in1960’s. She used her own body to perform her work Eye Body. And it was a new leaf of the female body Performance Art. Eye Body is not only the turning point in Schneemann’s art career, but also the example of woman going beyond the male text. Eye Body , addressed with woman body, fights against the phallicism. I’ve used relevant studies which are taken from esthetics , sociology, psychology, mythology and religion, to further discuss Schneemann’s Eye Body , and try to look into the deeper meaning of Schneemann’s works. I would also discuss how Schneemann uses her body to compose feminist texts , and teaches woman that they should stand for their right of their own bodies and emancipate themselves from the patriarchy. First, I would discuss motivation for Schneemann in creating Eye Body and how she was affected by Paul Cezanne’s painting theory and Pollock’s “ action painting”. Second, I try to discuss the lost images of female body in the traditional visual art and how Schneemann challenged the taboo. Schneemann challenged the estheticism of beauty myth and tried to decode the myth of female body. Moreover, I also discuss how Schneemann used her nude as materials for her works and “out of canvas”. Schneemann took images of witch and Snake Goddess to express woman’s primary power, because she tried to work on developing images of woman body. Schneemann’s art career began with Eye Body. However, other relevant works are included in this paper in order to deeply probing into Schneemann’s art world. Schneemann’s art works and herself are the milestone in the history for female to claim the right of her own body. Hence, the right of female’s body, female sex revolution , body writing, and narcissism are what I also focus on in the paper. The paper would summarize Schneemann’s contribution and status in feminist art history. Schneemann’s works not only arouse the thoughts for patriarchy .She uses her works to question the male texts and try to develop the female-centered theory to challenge the patriarchism.She accuses the patriarchy society of materializing the woman, so she asserts female authority by overthrowing masculine esthetics. Schneemann’s works appeals to female independence and authority, self-approval, and self-reflection. However, Schneemann devotes her life to creating the harmony for male and female,and she also makes great efforts to look for the value of the female.
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