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Research on the Relocation Evaluation Mechanisms for Public Artworks
Public Art Awards
Relocation Evaluation Mechanism
Following the Culture and Arts Reward Act established in 1992, and the Regulations Governing the Installation of Public Artwork implemented in 1998, public art started thriving in Taiwan under the supervision and promotion of The Ministry of Culture (formerly the Council for Cultural Affairs). According to the statistics of the ministry in 2011, the quantity of public artwork reached 2171 pieces nationwide, and the number is still increasing. Through the years, due to the enhancement of aesthetic concepts and environmental public awareness, some works faced numerous challenges. Some of the challenges were management problems, including functional alteration of public space, conflicts with commercial endeavors, maintenance difficulties, and significant adverse public reactions related to aesthetic, safety and folk custom issues. The study reviews the literature concerning foreign and domestic public art policies implemented, which contain the laws and regulations for management, efficiency evaluation, reward, relocation and dismantling of public artwork plus actual cases involving artwork removal. For the purpose of observing the acknowledge level of the public on public artwork evaluation, a survey questionnaire on the public’s recognition on public art awards and public artwork relocation was conducted and data analyzed using SPSS statistics. The research also synchronized in-depth interviews with artists, professionals, and experts to obtain their opinions on selected cases in the survey questionnaire, public art policy, and the system of statutes. The purpose of this study is to explore the consensus on efficiency evaluation and relocation evaluation of public artwork between the general public, artists, professionals, and experts. Based on the analysis, public evaluation on the safety and aesthetic is not significantly correlated to the decision made by the select committee and competent authority for awarded art and relocation. The research summarizes the result of the survey questionnaire and opinions of professionals and experts in the field, and the study comes to the conclusion: civil participation shall be reinforced by developing a voting mechanism for public artwork, and the government should establish the relocation evaluation mechanism to supplement the current policy. Furthermore, management problems may be resolved by adjusting the scope of public art funding operations and set up an exclusive public artwork relocation park, all of the above methods could help keeping the momentum of public art and improve the public artwork policy and the system.
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