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Title: 超媒體在中小學美術史鑑賞教學之應用研究-以日據時期(1895-1945)台灣西洋美術為例
The Study of practical Application Hypermedia in Art History Appreciation Education of Elementaryand Junior High School-as an Example of Taiwanese Western Art during Japanese colonized period(1895-1945).
Authors: 王秀雄
Wang Hsiu-Hsiung
Huang Yan-Shuo
Keywords: 美術鑑賞
Art appreciation
hypermedia system
Art History
Japanese colonized period
Taiwanese Western Art
Abstract: 藝術在文化保存與傳承方面,雖然扮演著重要的角色,然而藝術鑑賞的知識與能力,卻不是生而得的,也不是自動成熟的結果,更無法單從創作的過程中獲得。如果要透過藝術教學來瞭解與習得文化,進而達到傳承文化的功效,便需要具備相當程度的藝術鑑賞知識與能力來配合。其中,在中、小學美術鑑賞教學課程裡,美術史通常扮演著文化養份的提供角色。 美術史鑑賞教學,在文化保存與傳承方面所擔負的任務是如此明顯,然而,文獻分析裡卻顯示出:國內中、小學藝術鑑賞教學的實施現況並不理想。 「超媒體系統」被認為是一種合適的教學平台,乃由於整合性強、能顧及學習者的個別需求、超鏈結的跳躍特性符合人類的思考模式、允許多種媒體的資訊呈現方式、花費較少的儲存空間、容易編修更新與擴充資料的彈性,尤其強調使用者能主動自我學習,進而構成個人化的知識體系,這恰好和建構論者的主張相符合,並引起教育學者的注意。 從美術史鑑賞教學的角度來看,「超媒體系統」確實是一種適於整合各種美術史料並進行美術鑑賞教學的工具平台。然而,在美術鑑賞教學領域中,相關的研究卻不多。 因此,本研究舉「日據時期(1895-1945)台灣西洋美術」為教材範例,在考量與分析中、小學美術史鑑賞教學的內涵與教學模式之後,進行「美術史鑑賞教學輔助系統」的雛型發展與製作,最後並從事系統評估工作。 參與評估的專家與中、小學美術教師,對於本系統的整體評估結果,大部份持肯定的意見。其整體評估項目之認可人數比例,均高於四分之三;專家們對於本系統整體評估項目的認可人數比例,更高於八成七以上,因此,本研究所採行之美術史鑑賞教學模式具體可行。由受測者所認可的項目來看,本系統雛型也達到發展「美術史鑑賞教學輔助工具」之預期目標。 然而,使用者容易迷失於超媒體系統裡的問題,在本系統雛型中並未妥善解決,仍有待後續者進一步探討。
Although Art plays an important role in cultural conservation and inheriting, the knowledge and ability of Art Application is neither inborn nor automatic – developing, much less obtaining by the way of art creation. If we want to understand and learn culture through art education, so as to achieve the effect of inheriting culture, we must acquire some art appreciating knowledge and ability. In the Art appreciating curriculum of Elementary and Junior High School, Art History usually plays the role of introducing cultural heritage. Art History Education takes so dominant a responsibility to cultural conservation and inheriting, however, document analysis tells that The Art appreciation Education in Elementary and Junior School of Taiwan is not complete and ideal. “Hypermedia” system is considered as a kind of suitable teaching tool, because its integration is so strong as to satisfy each learner’s requirement, the jumping quality of hyperlink matches the thinking mode of human beings, allowing the data-presenting way of multimedia, taking less storing space, easier compiling, renewing and expanding data, especially emphasizing the self-learning of users, in order to construct personal knowledge system, this corresponds to main points of constructists and draws the attention of educational scholars. As to the Art History Education, “Hypermedia” system is truly a king of suitable tool for integrating all sorts of art history data and Art appreciation teaching, but the related study is not so numerous. This study focuses on the teaching materials of Taiwanese Western Art during Japanese colonized period (1895-1945), after the consideration and analysis the content and teaching mode of elementary and Junior School Art History Education, we start the initial production and development of Art History auxiliary teaching system, and at last estimate systematically this project. Most of the experts and art teachers hold the positive opinion about the result of entire assessment of this system. The sanctionary proportion of all items in entire assessment is as high as third over the fourth. The sanctionary proportion of experts is even higher than eighty-seven percent, as a result, the art appreciation teaching mode in this study is tangible and practical. In the view of this system can also achieve the expecting purpose of “Art History auxiliary teaching tool”. However, The user is often bothered by the problems of Hypermedia system, and the initial type of this system is unable solve these problems yet, so the forward study is still wanting.
Other Identifiers: 86NTNU0233026
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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