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Verify the effect of multi-component exercise training for senior fitness test to high risk of sarcopenia oldest-old
hand grip strength
lower limbs muscle strength
According to the data from Taiwan’s Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan has officially entered the stage of an aged society with people over 65 years old accounted for 14.05% of the country’s total population in March 2018. Due to aging, illness or other related factors, older adults’ physical function declines gradually, especially the decline of muscle functions, which will easily cause falls, and consequently impact older adults’ daily life. In serious cases, falls even lead to death. In the past, most of the researchers focused on the large scale investigations of older adults over 65 years old, while few researchers investigated the differences between each age. Therefore, this study narrowed down the research participants to ages between 85 to 99 years old, and aimed at understanding whether multi-component course can effectively improve the senior fitness test of oldest-olds with high risk of sarcopenia, and assist the maintenance of oldest-olds’ daily physical functions, in order to prevent and reduce the risk of sarcopenia. This research consisted of 42 participants (average age: 87.83±2.78), who joined Fall-Prevention class for older adults in Taipei city in 2017 and 2018. After 8 weeks of multi-component course, I used one-group pretest-posttest design of pre-experimental design to examine the analysis of pre-test and post-test of the oldest-olds’ senior fitness test. The results showed that oldest-olds with high risk of sarcopenia improved chair stand and arm curl items after 8 weeks of multi-component course. This researchfurther focused on oldest-olds with high risk and low risk of sarcopenia to examine the differences between the pre-test and post-test of the oldest-old’s senior fitness tests. The results turned out that both oldest-olds with high risk and low risk of sarcopenia only improved chair stand. Multi-component course in this research only lasted for 8 weeks, so the results were restricted. For oldest-old over 85 years old, especially those with high risk of diseases, should have longer training time, so as to postpone the process of decrepitude and retain the required physical performance at this age. However, as far as oldest-olds are concerned, to not regress the senior fitness test and to maintain the ability of daily routine are the best benefits.
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