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History of Wulin grand gathering of “Active aging, enhancing capacity”: An example of Nationwide Senior Welfare Organization Game
the aged of incapacity
Over the previous decades, global aging has been the trend worldwide, with Taiwan being no exception. Critical attention has been given to the issue of longer life expectancy of the aging population leads to an increase in the rate of degeneration and disabilities. It thus creates a greater need for long-term care facilities and increases the burden on medical and social care. A detailed review of literatures shows that exercise is beneficial to the aged, especially to the chronically ill or disabled. Sports events likewise help in developing exercise habits, improving physical and mental health, and increasing the sense of self-affirmation and social integration. The “Active aging, embracing happy life” Nationwide Senior Welfare Organization Game (hereinafter referred to as “the Games”) organized by Yongxin Social Welfare Foundation was developed accordingly. The goal of this study is to trace the historical development and related factors of the Games by reviewing the literatures and interviews with a physical education expert, main organizers, and promoters. The research aims to understand possible challenges in its future development, as well as propose strategies for resolution for the consideration of related governmental and non-governmental agencies to place proper emphasis on the Games, especially when long-term care programs are officially introduced. Fieldwork and direct observation of the games were performed to collect relevant information for understanding the historical content, development process, and elements of the Games. In addition, after collecting relevant historical facts for literature analysis, 11 participants, including a physical education expert, main organizers, and promoters, were selected for interviews. The use of interpretive historical analysis gave a new meaning to the events. The study was scheduled between March 8 and December 31, 2018, wherein participants were asked once or twice to engage in in-depth interviews for a period of 60 minutes. The development process of the Games was reconstructed after summarizing and sorting out verbatim scripts. By uncovering future development challenges through an understanding of the development process and SWOT strategy analysis, the problem-solving strategies for the future senior organization game for the incapacitated were created. The results of this study indicate that the development of the Games can be divided into three stages. The first stage was the period that sprouted from the advocacy and development of exercise. The second stage was the period wherein the experiments of exercises and prototyping of the games occurred. The third stage was the period for the packaging of the training courses and the fundamental formation of the Games. Through the experiences gained from these three stages, along with the examination of the challenges of sustainable development and using the SWOT analysis. From cross analysis, the author considered the strategies to solve the difficulties in the future development of the Games. The findings are: (1) the benefits of participation in sports for the aged and disabled need to be widely disseminated, (2) the health benefits of exercise must be established through quantitative and qualitative studies for the incapacitated elderly, and (3) the strategies for the promotion of such sports games should be implemented. To summarize the results from the development process, we understand the conclusions of the first stage as follows: (1) the development of the idea that the incapacitated aged are able to exercise is important, and (2) targeted activities promote motivation and sports participation. From the second stage, the conclusions are: (1) the experimental results are beneficial for the promotion of sport concepts of the incapacitated elderly, (2) the management in the planning of organized sport meetings is significant. The conclusions from the third stage are: (1) suitable packaged courses can promote their sport participation, (2) the popularity of online platforms can support the development of sporting events for the elderly, (3) the collaboration among hosting organizations is imperative for the success of the Games, (4) the support of the participating facilities and caregivers can encourage elders to participate in sports and sporting events, and (5) funding is vital for the success of the Games. It is known that the Games has had specific effects on the incapacitated elderly in physical, psychological, and social aspects and has greatly facilitated cultural exchange. Based on the SWOT analysis, the conclusions of the proposed strategies drawn from the comprehensive discussion with the research participants about the future development are as follows: (1) it is critical that promoting the concept of sport participation is beneficial for the disabled elderly, (2) it is beneficial for the healthy benefits of exercise to be established through quantitative and qualitative studies for the incapacitated elderly, and (3) it is important to organize sports meetings for the aged. It is also evident that the games can promote cultural exchange, promote cross-field cooperation, and even improve the economy. This study provides references for both government, NGOs, NPOs, and private sectors in implementing policies and carrying out activities through the promotion of the concept, future research and management of sports meetings, as well as the integration of inter-ministerial and inter-sector government inputs.
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