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Effectiveness of different smoking cessation services and factors correlated with cessation success--Taking a smoke-free hospital as an example
smoking cessation service
outpatient smoking cessation
smoking cessation education
smoking cessation activity
workplace smoking cessation
This study aims to assess the effectiveness of different smoking cessation services provided by the hospital and examine the factors correlated with smoking cessation success. In 2017, a total of 773 smokers who participated in various smoking cessation services delivered by a medical center were included to analyze. Smoking cessation services were categorized into four groups: outpatient smoking cessation group, outpatient smoking cessation combined with education group, hospital smoking cessation activity group, and workplace smoking cessation group. Participants’ characteristics, smoking cessation success rates and service efficiency were compared between the four groups. The results indicated that the characteristics of smokers who participated in the four smoking cessation groups were different, while smokers who participated in the hospital smoking cessation activity group were older with lower addiction level. In addition, proactive smoking cessation services such as hospital smoking cessation activity group and workplace smoking cessation group showed higher levels of service efficiency. Factors correlated with smoking cessation included daily cigarette use, addiction level, carbon monoxide expiratory concentration, Champix medication and cessation outpatient visits. After controlling other factors, smokers who used Champix drug and had more cessation outpatient visits were more likely to have smoking cessation success. It was suggested that hospitals could provide proactive services in community and workplace to promote smoking cessation. Physicians could provide counseling based on smokers’ characteristics, prescribe drugs with higher success rates and encourage follow-up visits to increase quit rates.
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