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Factors Associated with HIV-related Stigma among Adult Internet Users in Taiwan
Objectives: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore factors associated with HIV-related stigma among adult internet users in Taiwan. Methods: From May to June, 2020, a total of 1,422 respondents completed the online structured questionnaire, which included an assessment of HIV-related experience, HIV knowledge scale (HIV-KQ-18), HIV-related stigma scale and socio-demographic characteristics. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis were used. Results: The mean score of respondents on the HIV-related stigma was 2.44 (SD=0.51) out of a score range from 1 to 5. Respondents who were males, older, less educated, married, divorced, heterosexual, homosexual, had religious beliefs, manufacturers, worked in the service industry had higher levels of stigma. The levels of HIV knowledge and HIV-related experience had statistically significant negative associations with levels of HIV-related stigma. Gender, sexual orientation, levels of HIV knowledge and HIV-related experience were associated with levels of HIV-related stigma after multiple regression analysis. Conclusions: Factors associated with HIV-related stigma varied by gender, sexual orientation, levels of HIV knowledge and HIV-related experience. The finding of this study suggest that stigma-reduction intervention is greatly needed to destigmatize toward people living with HIV/AIDS and provide greater support for them.
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