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The Integration of Cultural Experience in Textbook and Instructional Design for Chinese Medicine
Chinese for specific purpose
Chinese medicine culture
Teaching material design
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has always played an important role in Chinese life, and its influence on Chinese life can be seen everywhere. In recent years Chinese medicine has expanded beyond Chinese society and is now widely practiced in various parts of the world. According to data published in 2019 by the Department of International and Cross-strait Education of the Ministry of Education, there are a total of 60 Chinese Language Centers affiliated with universities in Taiwan. Of these, only one school offers a "Traditional Chinese Medicine Culture Course". TCM culture is deeply rooted in contemporary Chinese life, but Chinese education in Taiwan is rarely mentioned. TCM Chinese is a branch of Chinese for specific purposes, and some related textbooks are now published. However, the audience for these texts are mainly foreign students of TCM, and these books are generally not suitable for Non-TCM professionals. Since TCM Chinese textbooks and study materials written for all foreign learners are rare, I plan to use this research to demonstrate that TCM Chinese language curriculum planning and TCM textbook design targeted toward foreign students who are not Chinese medicine majors can significantly enhance the spread of Chinese medicine culture. The research purpose of this thesis is to find TCM topics that are in line with contemporary Chinese society’s concerns and are important topics in the textbooks. And those topics are for foreigners who are not Chinese medicine majors, and to design the corresponding TCM Chinese language courses and teaching materials based on Moran’s theory of cultural experience. The teaching target is intermediate level learners .This research adopts the content analysis method and investigation research method. Firstly, the "content analysis method" is used to analysis the topics in TCM textbooks and online news. Second, based on the above two results, summarize the topic of TCM in contemporary Chinese society in a manner suitable for learners. Third, consistent with the research results, plan a complete ten lesson textbook, and design lesson one as an example of the textbook and instructional design. Then use online and traditional, non-digital methods, such as community posts and flyers to find seven learners who are interested in TCM Chinese, are of an intermediate learning level and are not Chinese medicine majors. I will then teach those learners a complete lesson, and use the "questionnaire survey method" to provide students the opportunity to fill in questionnaires before and after class, and express their interests and cultural learning results. I will then invite six senior teachers who have experience teaching Chinese for a specific purpose or Chinese culture to review and provide feedback on the teaching process and the design of the teaching materials. Finally, I will interview two experts in the field of TCM to get professional opinions on the teaching materials and activities design. The results show that the textbooks and instructional design are affirmed by students, teachers, and experts. They are effective in increasing the interest in learning and introducing the basic TCM culture, and the textbook is related to life , which is fun and has affinity. The use of cultural experience theory should emphasize the integration with the life of learners in order to maximize the effect of cultural teaching.
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