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Integrating the Theme of Traveling in Taiwan into the Design of Narrative Writing Material for Intermediate-Low Chinese Language Learners
Writing material for intermediate-low Chinese language learners
The theme of traveling in Taiwan
The lack of writing ability may result in incomplete development of learners’ language ability (Luo, 2002). However, the study of teaching material of Chinese writing has not received enough attention. Guo (2013) stated that most of the materials for teaching writing in Chinese as a second language education are obviously short of features and novelties. Therefore, this dissertation aims to design a teaching material of narrative writing, which integrated with the theme of traveling in Taiwan, aimed for intermediate-low Chinese language learners, and in the hope of stimulating learners’ motivations and enhancing their writing ability as well as providing step-by-step writing guidance and exercises for Chinese language teachers. Firstly, the “content analysis method” was used to analyze the writing process, teaching writing for second language learners, the difficulties of second language writing, the framework of narrative essays, principles of compiling the teaching material, application of the theme of traveling in Taiwan in Chinese language teaching materials and the writing materials for intermediate-low Chinese language learners in Taiwan. Secondly, questionnaire surveys were conducted in order to understand the actual needs of learners and teachers. Thirdly, in accordance with the research results, an outline of a textbook of eight lessons was planned and details of one of the lessons were designed as an example of the textbook. Finally, six teachers were invited to review and provide feedbacks on the design of the teaching material. The research result shows that although “Traveling in Taiwan” is an interesting and practical topic for learners, it is rarely applied to the teaching material of writing for intermediate-low Chinese learners. Besides, writing guidance and exercises were insufficient in current teaching material of writing in Taiwan. As a result, this teaching material meets users’ needs closely in content, and its localization is practical through the introductions of scenic spots in Taiwan and helpful for writing training. After analysis, the main principles of integrating the theme of traveling in Taiwan into the narrative writing material for intermediate-low Chinese language learners were found: (1) The objectives of the textbook need to meet the expectations of learners, which are being able to " introduce attractions of their own countries in Chinese", "introduce the attractions of Taiwan in Chinese", and "take a record of what happened during the trip"; (2) It is suggested to use "process approach" to provide writing guidance and assist students to collect information for writing, and adopt "controlled approach" into the design of some exercises to reduce grammatical errors; (3) A brief introduction of the narrative writing method should be presented before the writing sample, and summary exercises should be made according to the content of each paragraph; (4) The writing exercises should include “Practice of using specific sentence patterns to complete sentences”, “Practice of using different sentence patterns to rewrite sentences”, “A general summary exercise on the sample articles in the textbook” and “Practice of rewriting the conversation into a narrative essay”. After being reviewed by teachers, this teaching material for writing is shown effective in introducing the writing framework with step-by-step guidance, which assists learners to “collect information”, “apply the collected information to the writing framework” and finally “writing an article”
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