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A Study on the Association between Internet Use and the Empowerment of People with Mental Illness
People with Mental Illness
不可缺少的一部份，且因著網路的可近性使回到社區中的精神康復者也有相當高的機會能夠接觸到網路，而透過網路我們能增強知識的獲得，也提供我們與他人互動等功能，而網路固有的特性與功能也許能夠對於精神康復者的充權有所幫助，故本研究以居住於社區中的精神康復者為研究對象，透過網路問卷進行調查，希望能了解精神康復者目前的網路使用狀況與充權之情形，並探討精神康復者的網路使用狀況與其充權間的關係。使用「精神疾病汙名量表」、「網路使用動機量表」、「充權量表」三個部分整體問卷之Cronbach’s α分別為.87、.89、.90 並在實際施測前邀請兩位精神康復者針對問卷中的用語給予回饋及意見，以確認受訪者了解無礙。
Currently, the frequency of using the internet continues to increase. The internet has almost become an indispensable part of our life, and because of the ease of accessibility, even people with mental illness have a strong chance of accessing the internet. Not only can we obtain knowledge through the internet, but it also provides us with the ability to interact with others.The characteristics and functions of the internet may be helpful to people with mental illness, so this study focuses on such people living in the community. Through an online questionnaire, I aimed to explore and understand the current situation of internet use and empowerment of people with mental illness. The questionnaire contains three parts: "The Stigma of Mental Health Diseases Scale", "The Internet Motivation Scale", and the "Empowerment Scale". Factor analyses were conducted on the 106 returned questionnaires. The analytical structure of these factor analyses are about the same as in past research. The overall questionnaire Cronbach's α values are .87, .89 and .90, respectively. Before the actual experiment, we invited two people with mental illness to give us feedback and opinions on the terms in the questionnaire to confirm that the respondents' can understand the topic. Estimated by G-power software, at least 85 respondents were expected. Statistical analysis of the 106 questionnaires actually collected was carried out. SPSS statistical software was adopted, and Descriptive Statistics, t Test, ANOVA, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Analysis and multiple regression analysis methods were used to conduct data analysis on the specific topic in this research. The major findings in this research are as follows: 1.Most people with mental illness have used the internet for more than ten years, with average weekly internet usage time of 30.61 hours. The type and the functions of internet usage most used by people with mental illness are online interactive service platforms, search engines to find information, and online video sites. The internet types and functions they use most often are online interactive service platforms, followed by chatting online. The highest score for instrumental motivation in motivation for internet use. 2.At present, the overall situation of people with mental illness is one of low empowerment: i.e., low personal empowerment, moderate interpersonal empowerment and moderate social and political empowerment. Among these three levels of empowerment, interpersonal empowerment is the primary one, followed by social and political empowerment, and personal empowerment as the worst. 3.The age of use of the internet does not have significant predictive power for the empowerment. The internet use does not have significant predictive power for the overall and personal empowerment of people with mental illness. The average weekly internet usage time, and the internet types and functions have significant predictive power for the interpersonal empowerment of people with mental illness. The average weekly internet usage time has predictive power for the interpersonal empowerment; the longer the average weekly internet usage time, the worse the interpersonal empowerment. People with mental illness who often send or receive email functions have better interpersonal empowerment than those who use the internet interactive service platform. People with mental illness who use internet forums often have poorer interpersonal empowerment than those who use the internet interactive service platforms. The internet types and functions, and the motivation for internet use have significant predictive power for the social and political empowerment of people with mental illness. People with mental illness who often send or receive email functions have better social and political empowerment than those who use the internet interactive service platform. People with mental illness who use internet forums often have poorer social and political empowerment than those who use the internet interactive service platforms. Social motivation and instrumental motivation have significant predictive power for the social and political empowerment. The stronger the social motivation, the better the social and political empowerment. The stronger the instrumental motivation, the better the social and political empowerment. According to the results of the study, it is suggested that enhancing the social and political empowerment of people with mental illness through their motivation for internet use. Social workers can increase interaction with people with mental illness in communities through the emails and the internet interactive service platforms to help them adapt to life. With the support of family and professionals, we can help reduce the negative impacts of the internet, such as social stigma, thereby enhancing the empowerment of people with mental illness. However, it also reminds social workers to observe the ethics of social work and pay attention to ethical issues in the process of using the internet to interact with people with mental illness.
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