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The Interaction between Life Experience and Expertise-The role of Social Workers from Child Protection Service in Negative Parenting
social worker of child protection services
Negative parenting is the most important issue in the Child Protection Services. Traditional Chinese society advocates strict parenting. In modern times, due to social changes and knowledge transmission, democratic parenting has become the modern trend. Lifeexperience and parenting perspectives will affect the social workers of child protection services. Personal professional training and service resources can also affect service provision; in addition, social workers who grew up in different generations will also have different opinions of negative parenting. Therefore, this study explores the views of social workers on parenting, the role of social workers’ life experience from child protection service in negative parenting, dilemmas and coping strategies in their service. In this study, 11 senior social workers of child protection services with 3-13 years of experience were invited to conduct in-depth interviews through purposive sampling and snowball sampling. The results of the interview analysis are as follows: 1.Social workers of child protection services will constantly interact with each other based on family experience, work experience, social background and cultural context, and will have different conceptions regarding negative parenting at different stages. 2.The evaluation criteria of the service are based on the life experience of the child protection services social workers, the public's perception of parenting, the mainstream culture of parenting, available resources, assessment indicators, laws, and other factors. 3.Life experience helps social workers to better understand service objects, face dilemma cases in their assessment basis, stimulate social workers to learn and evolve in their service, and assist them to break out of the traditional service framework. It may also affect the service status of the child protection services social workers or form blind spots in their assessments. Their self-reflections can help the child protection services social workers to discover the influence of life experience on themselves, which can also be used for self-growth and healing. 4.When the child protection services social workers are in trouble or at a loss, the guidance and assistance of supervisions, support of peers, assistance of counselors in self-directed search and self-arrangement, and the support and external supervision assistance of network cooperation can help the child protection services social workers face their difficulties. Finally, based on the results of the study, the following suggestions are provided: 1. Through education, diversified activities, parent-child interaction simulation, sharing of positive parenting experience, or inviting children to interact with parents, positive parenting understanding can be transmitted and actual operation improved. 2. The promotion of child protection services should be increased so that the public will know more about the services of child protection social workers and respect their profession. 3. Strengthen the supporting measures of parenting service to speed up the goal of zero corporal punishment. 4. Stable psychological support should be provided through regular individual supervision, peer supervision, selection of topics for external supervisions and free psychological counseling. 5. Increasing cooperation between systems, providing multiple assistance or treatment channels, and timely assistance on issues related to family parenting are highly recommended.
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