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Analysis on Employment Services of Social Workers From Empowerment Perspective For Economically Disadvantaged Women
In order to examine how social workers utilize the empowerment approach on employment and entrepreneurship services that help clients achieve their life’s blueprint and good compatibility. For collect data purpose, the researcher conducted in-depth interviews with eight social workers from northern Taiwan that use the empowerment perspective. The research findings are as follows: The empowerment perspective enables social worker to review projects or circumstances on different angle which prevents them from pathological perspective and lowers the possibility of continued disempowerment or unnecessary self-blaming. Social workers can clarify the problems that clients face by using the ecological perspective to conduct personal, community and environment analysis. They can also help clients to secure resources by connecting resources and trouble shooting. Employment and entrepreneurship are not personal issues; instead, they are environmental and structural issues that not only relates to work and salary, but also relates daily life. Social workers use the empowerment perspective to care clients from a holistic approach which providing clients assistances according to their individual needs and situation. From personal level, empowerment perspective could let clients redefine their past experiences and increase human capital like going for an advanced degree, learn professional skills, social skills or increase confidence. From social and community level, empowerment perspective could help clients to increase formal and informal recourses by linking and creating opportunities. From financial level, when single moms can take part in the work field without being left out, not only does their income increase, they also find confidence in themselves and the worth of self-actualization which leads to happiness in life. An empowerment approach to employment or entrepreneurship services protects the labor rights of the services users and companies can have a better understanding of them as well that improve more understanding and tolerance of society. From structural level, by promoting current regulation revision, there would be more rights and resources guarantee for clients. Empowerment is a process, but also a result. Clients can recover by the recognition of their advantages and social workers and environment’s help. Social workers also can improve from each project by reviewing self-experiences and situation. This creates mutual recovery and forms a positive cycle. Lastly, the researcher points out the limits of this research and offers advice on practical work and policy according to the research conclusions.
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