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The International Legalization of Climate Governance Regimes in UN and the Participation of NGOs: The Case of "Climate Action Network"
Wang, Dustin Kuan-Hsiung
global climate governance
climate action network
The challenges and threats that are coming from climate change are getting serious. The United Nations play a key and important role within global governance on the issue of climate change. It also builds up a international regimes that is responsible for global governance as well as its legalization on climate change. A series of climate negotiations have been held since 1990. Until 2015, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol, and Paris Agreement have been completed sequentially. They are also the most important international documents for the UN to govern climate change. States are always seen the main players within the international politics. However, during many climate conferences that were held by the UN, the participation of non-governmental organizations has become more significant than before. NGOs not only participate actively but also increase their representatives in the official conferences or other side events. More importantly, they tried to influence participants and get their supports for reaching their climate goals. For further understanding the participation of NGOs and their influences in climate negotiations, the Climate Action Network is taken as a case study. Specially, the organizational structure and character of CAN are different with other Environmental NGOs. It forms a worldwide network of over 1000 NGOs in over 120 countries and tries to play its influences on the climate change issue in the international climate negotiations. The aim that it works for is to promote governments and people to limit human-induced global warming and to ensure that human beings can meet sustainable development.
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